ANALISIS PENGARUH PERLAKUAN KAVITASI ULTRASONIK TERHADAP STRUKTUR MIKRO PADA DAUN TANAMAN NILAM (Pogostemon cublin benth)

Rezky Eko Bawono, Hendi Saryanto, Darwin Sebayang

Abstract


Essential oils are one of Indonesia's natural products that are widely used as the basic ingredients of medicines, perfumes, as flavor and food preservatives, aromatherapy, vegetable pepticides and so on. Raw materials for essential oils can be in the form of leaves, flowers, logs, bark, fruit seeds, roots or rhizomes. Essential oils in aromatic plants are found in oil glands, vessels, oil sacs or hair glands (grandular). The test uses the leaves of patchouli as a testing medium. To optimize the production of essential oils on patchouli leaves, prefix treatment is needed. This treatment is expected to help the process of macro and micro cell destruction. At the macro level, this cell destruction can be done by chopping or counting raw materials. However, for micro-cell destruction can be done by giving high waves to raw materials. In this case the intended waveform is an ultrasonic wave with 40 kHz. The variables compared in this study were ultrasonic treatment and the duration of treatment given. The first experiment compared the patchouli leaves that were exposed to ultrasonic and those that did not use ultrasonic. Then, the second experiment using ultrasonic for 15 minutes and 60 minutes. After the ultrasonic process is done, then using scanning electron microscopy to see the micro-structure of the leaves. The results of this study found that the leaf structure that was not subjected to ultrasonic treatment had a neater oil bag compared to those affected by ultrasonic. Further results were obtained that the ultrasonic duration also affected the micro-structure of the leaves

Keywords


Nilam; Pogostemon cublin Benth; Ultrasonic; Nanotechnology

References


Fajar, B., Widayati, E. 2011. Investigasi Pengaruh Kavitasi Ultrasonik pada Transesterifikasi Biodiesel (Skala Lab) untuk Pengembangan Ultrasonik Mobile Reactor. 7–12.

Guo, J., Yuan, Y., Liu, Z., Zhu, J. 2013. Development and structure of internal glands and external glandular trichomes in Pogostemon cablin. PloS One, 8(10). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077862

Idris, A., Jura, M., Said, I. 2014. Analisis Kualitas Minyak Nilam (Pogostemon Cablin Benth) Produksi Kabupaten Buol. Jurnal Akademika Kimia, 3(2), 79–85.

Junaidy, R., Redha, F., Sulaiman, I. 2019. Peningkatan Kadar Alcohol Patchouli Dalam Minyak Improvement of Alcohol Patchouli Level in Patchouli Oil Using. Majalah Biam, 15(1), 56–61. http://ejournal.kemenperin.go.id/bpbiam/article/view/5384/pdf_46

Kartika Fitri, A. C., Proborini, W. D. 2018. Analisa Komposisi Minyak Atsiri Kulit Jeruk Manis Hasil Ekstraksi Metode Microwave Hydrodiffusion and Gravity Dengan Gc-Ms. Reka Buana : Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Sipil Dan Teknik Kimia, 3(1), 53. https://doi.org/10.33366/rekabuana.v3i1.918

Porto, C. Da, Porretto, E., Decorti, D. 2013. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry Comparison of ultrasound-assisted extraction with conventional extraction methods of oil and polyphenols from grape ( Vitis vinifera L .) seeds. Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry, 20(4), 1076–1080. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2012.12.002

Purwanto, H., Hartati, I., Kurniasari, L. 2010. Pengembangan Microwave Assisted Extractor (Mae) Pada Produksi Minyak Jahe Dengan Kadar Zingiberene Tinggi. Jurnal Momentum UNWAHAS, 6(2), 138470.

Ramya, H. G., Palanimuthu, V., Rachna, S. 2013. An introduction to patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) - A medicinal and aromatic plant: It’s importance to mankind. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal, 15(2), 243–250.

Sugiarto, S., Sonief, A., Sutikno, D., Widhiyanuriyawan, D. 2014. Optimalisasi Destilasi Nilam Kering Melalui Pembekuan PRA Destilasi. Rekayasa Mesin, 5(1), pp.97-105.

Wawan Haryudin, Nur Maslahah. 2016. Karakteristik Morfologi, Anatomi Dan Produksi Terna Aksesi Nilam Asal Aceh Dan Sumatera Utara. Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah Dan Obat, 22(2), 115–126. https://doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v22n2.2011.%p




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/agrointek.v15i1.9292

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Rezky Eko Bawono

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed by

Crossref logo

Mailing Address:

Agrointek: Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian

Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Trunojoyo Madura
Raya Telang St. PO BOX 2, Kamal - Bangkalan - Jawa Timur
Phone: (031) 3013234, Email:agrointek@trunojoyo.ac.id

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License