Studi Kelayakan Produk Sabun Batang Berbahan Dasar Minyak Jelantah dengan Media Bantu Ecoenzyme

Seri Megawati, Adi Nugroho

Abstract


Cooking oil and ecoenzyme are one type of combination that can be used for making hand washing soap. The purpose of this study is to make soap from used cooking oil and ecoenzyme as the basic ingredients and see its compatibility with SNI standards. The process of making soap begins with the design of three different types of oil and ecoenzyme content formulations. There are three comparisons of oil and ecoenzyme content used, namely: F1 (66% and 11%), F2 (56% and 16%), F3 (46% and 21%). The parameters that become the benchmark in testing soap quality come from SNI 3532: 2016 and the Domestic Waste Quality Standards. Although the three types of formulas do not meet the overall SNI quality standards and Domestic Waste Quality Standards, the results of laboratory tests show that the third formula is the closest to SNI quality standards. Based on the results of statistical tests with multiple linear regression test models show that the oil content and ecoenzyme affect the increase in total fat in soap

Keywords


sabun batang, Ecoenzyme treatment

References


Afia Awaliya, N. B. (n.d.). FITOREMEDIASI LIMBAH DOMESTIK (Detergent) MENGGUNAKAN ECENG GONDOK(Eichorniacrassipes)UNTUKMENGATASI PENCEMARANLINGKUNGAN. 3, 577–590.

Arun, C., & Sivashanmugam, P. (2015). Investigation of biocatalytic potential of garbage enzyme and its influence on stabilization of industrial waste activated sludge. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 94(C), 471–478. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2014.10.008

Aryani, D., & Rosinta, F. (2010). Pengaruh kualitas layanan terhadap kepuasan pelanggan dalam membentuk loyalitas pelanggan. Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Dan Organisasi, 17(2), 114–126.

Aziz, I., Nurbayti, S., & Ulum, B. (2011). Esterifikasi Asam Lemak Bebas Dari Minyak Goreng Bekas. Jurnal Kimia VALENSI, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.15408/jkv.v2i2.201

Belitz, H.D., Grosch, W., & Schieberle, P. (2019). Food Chemistry. In Encyclopedia of Microbiology. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809633-8.13126-7

Copeland, L. R., Kleiman, R., & Lakes, S. (2015). ( 12 ) United States Patent (Patent No. US 8,927,034 B2). https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/7a/28/f7/0991accb15a935/US8927034.pdf

Deepak, V., Singh, A. N., & A.K, P. S. (2019). Use of Garbage Enzyme. In International Journal of Scientific Resarch and Review (Vol. 07, Issue September No.07, pp. 210–205). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335528212%0AUSE

Dhiman, S. (2017). Eco-Enzyme-A Perfect House-Hold Organic Cleanser. International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences, 5(11), 19–23.

Doraja, P. H., Shovitri, M., & Kuswytasari, N. D. (2012). Biodegradasi Limbah Domestik Dengan Menggunakan Inokulum Alami Dari Tangki Septik. Jurnal Sains Dan Seni ITS, 1(1), 44–47. http://www.ejurnal.its.ac.id/index.php/sains_seni/article/view/788/244

Effendi. (2003). Kualitas Air Bagi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya dan Lingkungan Perairan. In Kanisius (pp. 53–79).

Ester Suoth, A., & Nazir, E. N. (2016). KARAKTERISTIK AIR LIMBAH RUMAH TANGGA PADA SALAH SATU PERUMAHAN MENENGAH KEATAS DI TANGERANG SELATAN. Jurnal Ecolab, 10(2), 80–88. https://doi.org/10.20886/jklh.2016.10.2.80-88

Firempong, C K and Mak-Mensah, E. (2011). Chemical characteristics of toilet soap prepared from neem ( Azadirachta indica A . Juss ) seed oil. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, 1(4), 1–7.

Ghufron, M. A., Rozak, R. R., Fitrianingsih, A., Matin, M. F., & Amin, A. K. (2017). PELATIHAN PENGOLAHAN SAMPAH ORGANIK MENJADI KOMPOS DENGAN MEDIA KERANJANG TAKAKURA. J-ABDIPAMAS : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 1(1), 98. https://doi.org/10.30734/j-abdipamas.v1i1.112

Hardian, K., Ali, A., & ’ Y. (2014). EVALUASI MUTU SABUN PADAT TRANSPARAN DARI MINYAK GORENG BEKAS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulfate) DAN SUKROSA. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian, 1(2), 1–11. https://jom.unri.ac.id/index.php/JOMFAPERTA/article/view/3558/3453

Iriawan, N., & Astuti, S. P. (2006). Mengolah Data Statistik Dengan Mudah Menggunakan Minitab 14.

Jalaluddin, J., Aji, A., & Nuriani, S. (2019). Pemanfaatan Minyak Sereh (Cymbopogon nardus L) sebagai Antioksidan pada Sabun Mandi Padat. Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal, 7(1), 52. https://doi.org/10.29103/jtku.v7i1.1170

Jean Fall, Abdoulaye Loum Sagne, M., & Malick, D. (2015). International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences. Int. J. Adv. Res. Biol.Sci, 2(11), 143–154. www.ijarbs.com

Kamilah, H., Kumar S, & Ay, T. (2013). The Management of Waste Cooking Oil: A Preliminary Survey. In Health and the Environment Journal (Vol. 4, Issue 1).

Kartika, D., & Widyaningsih, S. (2013). Konsentrasi Katalis dan Suhu Optimum pada Reaksi Esterifikasi menggunakan Katalis Zeolit Alam Aktif (ZAH) dalam Pembuatan Biodiesel dari Minyak Jelantah. Jurnal Natur Indonesia, 14(3), 219. https://doi.org/10.31258/jnat.14.3.219-226

Ketaren, S. (1986). Pengantar Teknologi Minyak dan Lemak Pangan. Universitas Indonesia Press, 2, 30–36.

Langingi, R., Momuat, L. I., & Kumaunang, M. G. (2012). Pembuatan Sabun Mandi Padat dari VCO yang Mengandung Karotenoid Wortel. Jurnal MIPA, 1(1), 20. https://doi.org/10.35799/jm.1.1.2012.426

Linghunchuqiao. (2014). Experimental report of ecoenzyme. 360.Com. http://www.360doc.com/content/14/0208/10/11269421_350645605.shtml

Lita Darmayanti, Y. L. H. (2011). NPengaruh penambahan media pada sumur resapan dalam memperbaiki kualitas air limbah rumah tanggao Title. Jurnal Sains Dan Teknologi, 10(2), 61–66.

Litbang Kementerian Dalam Negeri. (2018). Riset 24 Persen Sampah Tak Terkelola. 26 April 2018. http://litbang.kemendagri.go.id/website/riset-24-persen-sampah-di-indonesia-masih-tak-terkelola/

Marpaung, J. J. A., Ayu, D. F., & Efendi, R. (2019). Sabun Transparan Berbahan Dasar Minyak Kelapa Murni dengan Penambahan Ekstrak Daging Buah Pepaya. Jurnal Agroindustri Halal, 5(2), 161–170.

Mwanza, C., & Zombe, K. (2020). Comparative Evaluation of Some Physicochemical Properties on Selected Commercially Available Soaps on the Zambian Market. OALib, 07(03), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1106147

Nancholas, T. (2019). Britain loves a bar of soap. UK. Insight. https://uk.kantar.com/consumer/shoppers/2019/bars-of-soap-gaining-popularity- in-uk/

Nazim, F., & Meera, V. (2017). Comparison of Treatment of Greywater Using. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 6(4), 49–54.

Neswati, N., Ismanto, S. D., & Derosya, V. (2019). Analisis Kimia dan Sifat Antibakteri Sabun Transparan Berbasis Minyak Kelapa Sawit dengan Penambahan Ekstrak Mikropartikel Gambir. JURNAL AGROINDUSTRI HALAL, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.30997/jah.v5i2.1832

Ningrum, N. P., & Kusuma, M. A. I. (2013). Pemanfaatan Minyak Goreng Bekas dan Abu Kulit Buah Kapuk Randu (Soda Qie) sebagai Bahan Pembuatan Sabun Mandi Organik Berbasis Teknologi Ramah Lingkungan. Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Dan Industri, 2(2), 275–285.

Permana, E. (2019). Indonesia hasilkan 67 juta ton sampah pada tahun 2019. In Www.Aa.Com.Tr (pp. 1–3). https://www.aa.com.tr/id/headline-hari/indonesia-hasilkan-67-juta-ton-sampah-pada-2019/1373712

Priherdityo, E. (2016). Generasi Milenial “Alergi” Pakai Sabun Batangan. CNN Indonesia. No Title. (n.d.). https://www.cnnindonesia.com/gaya-hidup/20160829132402-255- 154501/generasi-milenial-alergi-pakai-sabun-batangan

Pujiati, A., & Retariandalas, R. (2019). Utilization of Domestic Waste for Bar Soap and Enzyme Cleanner (Ecoenzyme) [Pemanfaatan Limbah Rumah Tangga Untuk Pembuatan Sabun Batang Dan Pembersih Serbaguna (Ecoenzym)]. Proceeding of Community Development, 2, 777. https://doi.org/10.30874/comdev.2018.489

Putra, Y. D., & Fitria, L. (2015). UJI TOKSISITAS AKUT LIMBAH CAIR RUMAH MAKAN TERHADAP IKAN MAS (Cyprinus Carpio L.). Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Lahan Basah, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.26418/jtllb.v3i1.12865

Rasit, N., & Chee Kuan, O. (2018). Investigation on the Influence of Bio-catalytic Enzyme Produced from Fruit and Vegetable Waste on Palm Oil Mill Effluent. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 140(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/140/1/012015

Rasit, N., Lim, H. F., & Azlina, W. (2019). Production and Characterization of Eco Enzyme Produced From Tomato and Orange Wastes and Its Influence on the Aquaculture Sludge. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 10(3), 967–980. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3456453

safrizal, S. (2016). Pengendalian Kualitas dengan Metode Six Sigma. Jurnal Manajemen Dan Keuangan Unsam, 5(2), 615–626.

Sayali, J. D., Shruti, S. C., Shweta, S. S., Sudarshan, P. E., Akash, D. H., Shrikant, P. T., & Students, D. (2019). Use of Eco Enzymes in Domestic Waste Water Treatment. International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology, 4(2), 568–570. https://ijisrt.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/IJISRT19FB312.pdf

Sukawaty, warnida, A. (2016). Formulasi Sediaan Sabun Mandi Padat Ekstrak Etanol Umbi Bawang Tiwai (Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb.). Media Farmasi: Jurnal Ilmu Farmasi, 13(1), 14–22. https://doi.org/10.12928/mf.v13i1.5739

Tang, F. E., & Tong, C. W. (2011). A Study of the Garbage Enzyme’s Effects in Domestic Wastewater. International Journal of Environemntal, 5(12), 887–892. http://waset.org/publications/6989/a-study-of-the-garbage-enzyme-s-effects-in-domestic-wastewater

Vivian, O. P., Nathan, O., Osano, A., Mesopirr, L., & Omwoyo, W. N. (2014). Assessment of the Physicochemical Properties of Selected Commercial Soaps Manufactured and Sold in Kenya. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 04(08), 433–440. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojapps.2014.48040

Wahyu Purnomo, P., Apriliana, R., & Rudiyanti, S. (2014). Keanekaragaman Jenis Bakteri Perairan Dasar Berdasarkan Tipe Tutupan Permukaan Perairan Di Rawa Pening. MANAGEMENT OF AQUATIC RESOURCES, 3, 119–128.

Wahyudi, A. (2018). PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN ARENGA SACCHARIFERA TERHADAP KUALITAS PRODUK SABUN TRANSPARAN. Jurnal Redoks, 3(2), 30. https://doi.org/10.31851/redoks.v3i2.2386

Warastiko, C. (2016). KONVENSIONAL BED-BATH DAN PREPACKED DISPOSIBLE BED-BATH DALAM PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN KEBERSIHAN DIRI PASIEN DI RUMAH SAKIT ADVENT BANDUNG. Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan, 2(2), 122. https://doi.org/10.35974/jsk.v2i2.554

Wati Ibnu Hajar, E., Febri Wirasny Purba, A., & Handayani, P. (2016). PROSES PEMURNIAN MINYAK JELANTAH MENGGUNAKAN AMPAS TEBU UNTUK PEMBUATAN SABUN PADAT. In Jurnal Integrasi Proses (Vol. 6, Issue 2). http://jurnal.untirta.ac.id/index.php/jip

Widyasanti, A., Farddani, C., & Rohdiana, D. (2016). PEMBUATAN SABUN PADAT TRANSPARAN MENGGUNAKAN MINYAK KELAPA SAWIT (Palm oil) DENGAN PENAMBAHAN BAHAN AKTIF EKSTRAK TEH PUTIH (Camellia sinensis). Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung, 5(3).

Zaharah, T. A., Nurlina, N., & Moelyani, R. R. (2018). Reduksi minyak, lemak, dan bahan organik limbah rumah makan menggunakan grease trap termodifikasi karbon aktif. Jurnal Pengelolaan Lingkungan Berkelanjutan (Journal of Environmental Sustainability Management), 25–33. https://doi.org/10.36813/jplb.1.3.25-33




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/agrointek.v15i3.10010

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Seri Megawati, Adi Nugroho

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed by

Crossref logo

Mailing Address:

Agrointek: Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian

Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Trunojoyo Madura
Raya Telang St. PO BOX 2, Kamal - Bangkalan - Jawa Timur
Phone: (031) 3013234, Email:agrointek@trunojoyo.ac.id

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License