KARAKTER FISIOLOGIS KLON KOPI ROBUSTA BP 358 PADA JENIS PENAUNG YANG BERBEDA

Ummi Sholikhah, Dena Munandar, Andri Pradana

Abstract


Shade plants for coffee plantation generally use dadap, lamtoro andothers. Today there many change the use of shade plant from lamtoro to sengon because economic value and increasing demand for sengon wood. Due to thechanging in different type of shade plant cause affect on coffee plantationmicroclimate. On the coffee plantation also use some coffee clones. The differences type of shade and coffee clones can affect the differences physiological and morphological characters of coffee plant that affect the production.The aim of this research is expected to give information about physiological characters of robusta coffee clones in different shade plant, factors that affect the robusta coffee photosynthesis process, the relationship of photosynthesis with the production and robusta coffee clones that have high production. This research was conducted in coffee plantation at Sidomulyo village, the district of Silo, Jember regency located at a 560 meters above sea level. This research was done on May up to June 2011. The area determination method was chosen based on the consideration that Sidomulyo village is one of the popular coffee producer in Jember. The experiment used field experiment with the quadrant method use to observation and collect the data of 12 years old BP 358. The support parameter observed were light intensity, temperature, humidity and assessed fruit production. The data from the observation wereproduction branch than photosynthesis activity. The result showed coffee clones BP 358  with sengon shade had higher photosynthesis activity than lamtoro shade. The photosynthesis activity was more affected by the stomatal conductivity and the light intensity.

 

Keyword: Physiological Characters, Coffee Clones BP 358,  Types of Shade


References


Amarta.2010. Rumah Pembibitan Kopi untuk Kualitas Lebih Baik. Buletin Agroculture.http://www.amarta.net, diakses pada 1 April 2011.

Carelli, M.L.C., R.B.Q Voltan, J.I. Fahl and P.C.O Trivelin. 2003. Leaf Anatomyand Carbon Istope Composition in Coffee Species Related toPhotosynthetic Pathway. PlantPhysiol, 15(1): 19-24.

Carelli, M.L.C., J.I. Fahl, P.C.O Trivelin and R.B.Q Voltan. 1999. Carbon IsotopeDiscrimination and Gas Exchange in Coffea Species Grown UnderDifferent Irradiance Regimes. Revista Brasileira de Fisiologia Vegetal,11(2): 63-68.

DaMatta F.M., C.P. Ronchi, M. Maestri and R.S. barros. 2007. Ecophysiology of Coffe Growth and Production. Braz. J. Plant Physiol, 19(4):485-510.

Dwiyono A. 2011. Studi Sifat Fisiologis Tanaman Kopi Robusta Berbeda Tanaman Penaung diLereng Gunung Gending Desa SidomulyoKecamatan Silo Jember. Jember : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Jember.

Dwidjoseputro D. 1980.Pengantar Fisiologi Tumbuhan. PT Gramedia. Jakarta

Evizal R., Tohari, I.D. Prijambada, J. Widada dan D. Widianto. 2009. Layanan lingkungan pohon pelindung pada sumbangan nitrogen dan produktivitas agroekosistem kopi. Pelita Perkebunan 25(1): 23-37

Gardner F.P., R.B. Pearce, and R.L. Mitchell. 1991. Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya.UI-Press. Jakarta.

Hopkins W.G. 1995.Introduction to Plant Physiology. The University of WesternOntario, United States of America

Iriawati.2009. Materi Kuliah Struktur dan Fungsi Daun. SITH. ITB. Bandung.Kumar D. and L.L. Tieszen. 1980. Photosynthesis in Coffea arabica. I. Effect ofLight and Temperature. Experimental Agriculture, 16: 13-19

Morais H., M.E. Medri, C.J. Marur, P.H. Caramori, A.M.D.A Riberio dan J.C. Gomes. 2004. Modifications on Leaf Anatomy of Coffea arabica causedby Shade of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Brazilian Archives Of Biologyand Technology, 47(6): 863-871.56

Nursal, J., W.Q. Muknisjah, M.A. Chozin, I. Anas, R. Boer, dan M.V. Noordwijk. 2003. Sistem Agroforestri Berbasis Kopi: Iklim Mikro dan SimulasiModel dengan WaNuLCAS. Prosiding Seminar Nasional hasil – hasilpenelitian dan pengkajian Teknologi Spesifik Lokasi.Jambi.

Pusat Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian. 2008. Penerapan Pengendalian Hama Terpadu pada Kopi di Jawa Timur. Warta Penelitiandan Pengembangan Pertanian 30 (6): 10-12.

Prawoto, A. 2007.Materi Kuliah Fisiologi Tumbuhan. Pusat Penelitian Kopi danKakao Indonesia. Jember

Sanger, A. 1998.Mathematics for Biologists Part Biology.Mathematics forBiologists.

Sanchez L.P.M., N.M.R. Harrera, Y.L. Forero, and J.A. Pulgarin. 2005. Net Photosynthesis and CO2 Compensation Concentration in Three Coffee (Coffea sp.) Genotypes, Bean and Maize Under Three Temperatur. Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomia - Medellin., 58(2): 2827-2835

Soedradjad, R., dan A. Syamsunihar. 2010. Peranan Tanaman Penaung dalam memasok Nutrien

Yahmadi, M. 2007. Rangkaian Perkembangan dan Permasalahan Budidaya dan Pengolahan Kopi di Indonesia. Asosiasi Eksportir Kopi Indonesia, Surabaya.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/agrovigor.v8i1.749

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Ummi Sholikhah, Dena Munandar, Andri Pradana

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.