The effect of social capital on individual happiness in Indonesia

Ni Putu Wiwin Setyari, Putu Ayu Pramitha Purwanti, Ida Ayu Nyoman Saskara, I Komang Gde Bendesa


This study examines how social capital affects the well-being of individuals in Indonesia. Happiness determinants use several aspects of social capital at the same time: trust, information channels, civic participation, especially political participation. In addition, this estimation also takes into account other socio-demographic factors. The researchers found that trust, information channels, and political participation have a significant impact on the well-being of Indonesian. Individual trust and sociable gatherings to leave a child to a close-neighbor within a few hours have a positive effect on the individual’s well-being. By using IFLS data, a logistic model is used to test whether some indicators of social capital affect individual’s well-being. A positive correlation between social capital and happiness may suggest that public policies toward increasing social capital both at the individual and aggregate level may have complementary effects on raising individual’s well-being. It is important to support the government`s efforts in improving the community’s happiness which in turn can encourage development policies` effectiveness.


welfare economics; well-being; economic development; IFLS; microdata

Full Text:



Abdul-Hakim, R., Ismail, R., Nor, & Abdul-Razak, A. (2014). The relationship between social capital and quality of life among rural households in Terengganu. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 1(5), 99-106. = 1671066

Araki, S. (2022). Does education make people happy? Spotlighting the overlooked societal condition. Journal of Happiness Studies, 23(2), 587-629.

Bergh, J. C. J. M. van den. (2009). The GDP paradox. Journal of Economic Psychology, 30(2).

BPS. (2017). Indeks kebahagiaan 2017. Badan Pusat Statistik.

Cameron, A. C., & Trivedi, P. K. (2009). Microeconometrics using Stata. Stata Pers Publication.

Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. The American Journal of Sociology, 94, S95-S120.

Crowley, F., & Walsh, E. (2021). Tolerance, social capital, and life satisfaction: A multilevel model from transition countries in the European Union. Review of Social Economy, 1-28.

Cuñado, J., & de Gracia, F. P. (2012). Does education affect happiness? Evidence for Spain. Social Indicators Research, 108(1), 185-196.

Diener, E., Napa Scollon, C., & Lucas, R. E. (2003). The evolving concept of subjective well-being: The multifaceted nature of happiness. Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology, 15, 187-219.

Easterlin, R. A. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? Some empirical evidence. In Nations and households in economic growth (89-125). Academic Press.

Easterlin, R. A. (1995). Will raising the incomes of all increase the happiness of all? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 27(1), 35-47.

Forgeard, M. J. C., Jayawickreme, E., Kern, M. L., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2011). Doing the right thing: Measuring well-being for public policy. International Journal of Wellbeing, 1(1), 79-106.

Harding, R. (2010). Urban-rural differences in support for incumbents across Africa (Working Paper No. 120).

Himawan, K. K., Bambling, M., & Edirippulige, S. (2018). What does it mean to be single in Indonesia? Religiosity, social stigma, and marital status among never-married Indonesian adults. SAGE Open, 8(3), 1-9.

Lawrence, E. M., Rogers, R. G., Zajacova, A., & Wadsworth, T. (2019). Marital happiness, marital status, health, and longevity. Journal of Happiness Studies, 20(5), 1539-1561.

Lee, S. H., Lee, J., & Choi, I. (2020). Life satisfaction in later life: The interplay of marital condition and income among elderly Koreans. Sustainability, 12(8), 1-8.

Leung, A., Kier, C., Fung, T., Fung, L., & Sproule, R. (2011). Searching for happiness: The importance of social capital. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(3), 443-462.

McKee, S. C. (2008). Rural voters and the polarization of American presidential elections. PS: Political Science & Politics, 41(1), 101-108.

Mikucka, M. (2016). The life satisfaction advantage of being married and gender specialization. Journal of Marriage and Family, 78(3), 759-779.

Montgomery, M. (2022). Reversing the gender gap in happiness. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 196, 65-78.

Ndayambaje, E., Pierewan, A. C., Nizeyumukiza, E., Nkundimana, B., & Ayriza, Y. (2020). Marital status and subjective well-being: Does education level take into account? Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 39(1), 120-132.

Nikolaev, B., & Rusakov, P. (2016). Education and happiness: An alternative hypothesis. Applied Economics Letters, 23(12), 827-830.

Putnam, R. D. (1995). Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital. Journal of Democracy, 6(1), 65-78. Radcliff, B. (2017). Presidents and the pursuit of happiness.

Rahayu, T. P., & Harmadi, S. H. B. (2016). The effect of income, health, education, and social capital on happiness in Indonesia. Asian Social Science, 12(7), 75-87.

Scala, D. J., & Johnson, K. M. (2017). Political polarization along the ruralurban continuum? The geography of the presidential vote, 2000–2016. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 672(1), 162–184.

Somarriba Arechavala, N., Zarzosa Espina, P., & López Pastor, A. T. (2021). The importance of the neighborhood environment and social capital for happiness in a vulnerable district: The case of the Pajarillos District in Spain. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1-25.

Stack, S., & Eshleman, J. R. (1998). Marital status and happiness: A 17-nation study. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 60(2), 527-536.

Wooldridge, J. M. (2012). Introductory econometrics: A modern approach (5th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Yue, X., Jiang, F., Arjan, H., Jia, H., & Su-Xia, L. (2017). How gender matters for happiness: A serial study in of college students in China. International Journal of Psychology & Behavior Analysis, 3(1), 1-6.

Zhang, W. (2022). Social capital, income and subjective well-being: Evidence in rural China. Heliyon, 8(1), 1-6.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Ni Putu Wiwin Setyari, Putu Ayu Pramitha Purwanti, Ida Ayu Nyoman Saskara, I Komang Gde Bendesa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Simulacra has been indexed in these prominent indexing services:

Sinta 2DOAJIndex CopernicusEBSCOGoogle ScholarCrossrefDimensionsWorldcatHarvard LibraryOxford LibraryUniversiteit LeidenDRJIScilit MDPIPKP IndexROADBASEMorarefColumbia LibrarySheffield LibraryCORE


 Simulacra is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-SA and published by the Center for Sociological Studies and Community Development, Department of Sociology, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Indonesia.