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Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Thank you for choosing to submit your paper to us. These instructions will ensure we have everything required so your manuscripts can move through peer review, production and publication smoothly. Please take the time to read and follow them as closely as possible, as doing so will ensure your manuscripts matches the journal’s requirements.

1. Manuscripts should be original, written in a good (American) English (if you need help with translation assistance, please contact us), and have never been published in other any academics journals.

2. We strongly encourage the author/s to use Turnitin for anti-plagiarism checker before submitting their manuscripts. Manuscripts should follow the article template provided by Simulacra. Authors may download the article template right here.

3. Manuscripts should be single-spaced, around 5000 to 7000 words (including References), and should include page numbers.

4. Manuscripts should be submitted online in MS Word with the name, affiliation and phone number of the author/s as a supplementary document to preserve anonymity. Please provide the word count on the manuscript.

5. The title of the article should be written in 15 to 20 words. A title should be short, simple, and easy to understand. 

6. All manuscripts should be accompanied by an abstract of 200 words (in English) plus 5 or 6 keywords. The Abstract should explain: the background of the study, the purpose of the study, the method used in the study, the main findings, and the novelty of the study.

7. All manuscripts writing styles should follow the article template provided by this journal. The structure for the manuscripts is as the following: Introduction, Method, Results and Discussion, and Conclusion.

8. Introduction contains background of the problem; the purposes of research; generally the introduction is not too long, only 3-4 paragraphs or 2 pages. Reference should be a primary reference (especially journal articles), relevant, and up to date.

9. Method in the article contains the subject and the object of research that are described in detail; if method refers to the standard procedures, then write the default and does not refer to the practicum procedures.

10. Results and Discussion includes: systematic presentation, only the data/information related to the research objectives; simplify the tables and use the open table, and image maps more focused on the object of study and the file size is not too large and complicated (pursued in JPG format and submit in supplement/additional files separately); tables and figures are numbered. The purpose of Results and Discussion is to determine how the result of the study agree or disagree with previous studies. In this section the author(s) also limits the discovery.

11. Conclusion is advised to mention the recommendation or suggestion from the study that include in paragraphs and not separated.

12. All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form. All Figures should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics may be supplied in colour to facilitate their appearance on the online database. Figures created in MS Word, MS PowerPoint, MS Excel should be supplied in their native formats. Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into MS Word template document. Photographic images should be inserted in the main body of the article and of high quality.

13. Tables should be typed and included in the main body of the article. The position of tables should be inserted in the text as close to the point of reference as possible. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.

14. A minimum of 30 good quality references, especially journal articles, should be cited inside the main body of the article. The citation and references format for this journal follow the APA Style 7th Edition (click here to see the guide). All references to books, articles, and other sources are to be identified at an appropriate point in the text by name of the author, year of publication, and pagination (within parentheses). We strongly recommend the author/s to use Mendeley as the primary reference manager tool:

a. If the author's name is in the text, follow it by the year of publication and a page reference:

"As Brown (1999: 267) has shown in her case study . . . ."

If the author's name is not in the text, insert at an appropriate point surname, year of publication and page reference, for example:

"Australian research on changes to the middle class suggests …. (Solomon, 1998: 135)."

Note that pagination, author and year are separated by a colon.

b. Where two authors are involved, cite both surnames. Where more than two authors are involved, cite the first surname followed by et al. For institutional authorship, supply only sufficient information for positive identification:

"The aim of this working paper is to explore the future of sociology in Australia (Department of Sociology, Flinders University, 1997)."

c. Separate multiple citations by semicolons:

"The professions are the subject of considerable sociological attention (e.g., Chagnon, 1994; Lorber, 1992; Vassiliou, 1999)."

d. Where there is more than one reference in an article to the same author and year, use letters (a, b, etc.) to distinguish them one from the other. For example:

"(Roberts, 1999a; 1999b)."

15. Format of references:

List all items cited in the text alphabetically by author and for each author, by year of publication in an appendix titled References. List all authors by name - do not use et al. or ampersands (&). For example:

Burke, M. (2002). Global boom and social bust following the world trade centre collapse. Journal of Sociology, 38(1), 135-51.

Shaw, J. (2000). Life as a graduate student in Australian universities. Sage.

Thompson, M. & Smith, J. (1999). Gender and wealth: Beyond the patterns and the paradox. In J. Montague (ed.), Wealth in Australia: Sociological concepts and issues (2nd ed., pp. 156-87). Prentice Hall.

Lawson, J. F. (2019). The impacts of plastic on Indonesian migratory birds. Department of Conservation.

Ministry of Education. (2009). Research ethics in New Zealand: A student guide.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. Submissions HAVE NOT BEEN published previously, or are under consideration by OTHER journals (or an explanation has not been provided in comments to the editor)

  2. Manuscripts use the article template provided by the journal.
  3. When available, URLs and DOIs for reference have been provided.

  4. Text single-space; font 12; italic; not underlined (except the URL address); and all the illustrations, figures, and tables placed in the text at the right point, not at the end. 

  5. Text that complies with the requirements regarding libraries and language styles is outlined in the Author Guidelines, which will be found on the page About Us. 


Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and publishing rights and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC-SA) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

Privacy Statement
The names and email addresses used in this journal will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.