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Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Thank you for choosing to submit your paper to us. These instructions will ensure we have everything required so your manuscripts can move through peer review, production and publication smoothly. Please take the time to read and follow them as closely as possible, as doing so will ensure your manuscripts matches the journal’s requirements.

1. Manuscripts MUST be original, written in a good American English (if you need help with translation assistance, please contact us), and have never been published in other any academics journals. We strongly encourage the author/s to use Turnitin for anti-plagiarism checker before submitting their manuscripts (Turnitin maximum similarity percentage for the submitted manuscripts is 20%). 

2. Manuscripts MUST follow the article template provided by Simulacra. Authors MUST download the article template right here.

3. Manuscripts should be single-spaced, around 5000 to 7000 words (including References), and should include page numbers.

4. Manuscripts should be submitted online in MS Word with the name, affiliation and phone number of the author/s as a supplementary document to preserve anonymity. Please provide the word count on the manuscript.

5. The title of the article should be written at maximum 15 words. A title should be simple, and easy to understand. 

6. All manuscripts should be accompanied by an abstract of 200 words plus 5 or 6 keywords. The Abstract should explain: the background of the study, the purpose of the study, the method used in the study, the main findings, and the novelty of the study.

7. All manuscripts writing styles should follow the article template provided by this journal. The structure for the manuscripts is as the following: Introduction, Method, Results and Discussion, and Conclusion.

8. Introduction contains background of the problem; the purposes of research; generally the introduction is not too long, only 3-4 paragraphs or 2 pages. Reference should be a primary reference (especially journal articles), relevant, and up to date.

9. Method in the article contains the subject and the object of research that are described in detail; if method refers to the standard procedures, then write the default and does not refer to the practicum procedures.

10. Results and Discussion includes: systematic presentation, only the data/information related to the research objectives; simplify the tables and use the open table, and image maps more focused on the object of study and the file size is not too large and complicated (pursued in JPG format and submit in supplement/additional files separately); tables and figures are numbered. The purpose of Results and Discussion is to determine how the result of the study agree or disagree with previous studies. In this section the author(s) also limits the discovery.

11. Conclusion is advised to mention the recommendation or suggestion from the study that include in paragraphs and not separated.

12. All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form. All Figures should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics may be supplied in colour to facilitate their appearance on the online database. Figures created in MS Word, MS PowerPoint, MS Excel should be supplied in their native formats. Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into MS Word template document. Photographic images should be inserted in the main body of the article and of high quality.

13. Tables should be typed and included in the main body of the article. The position of tables should be inserted in the text as close to the point of reference as possible. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.

14. A minimum of 30 good quality references, especially journal articles (more than 60% of the References), should be cited inside the main body of the article. The citation and references format for this journal follow the APA Style 7th Edition.

All manuscripts MUST use Mendeley as the reference manager tool.

15. In-text citation:

When you reference another source use an in-text citation in the body of your paper.

Basic Format:
(Author's Last Name(s) or Organization, Year).

In-text citations differ depending on the number of authors listed for a work, and if there is a group author.

a. 1 Author

You only need the author's last name and the year.

(Abrams, 2021)

b. 2 Authors

Connect both authors' last names with & (ampersand) and include the year.

(Wegener & Petty, 2021)

c. 3 or More Authors

If there are 3 or more authors use et al., which means "and others."

(Harris et al., 2021)

d. Group Authors

First time with an abbreviation.

(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2021)

Then all subsequent citations.

(CDC, 2021)

e. Author in Secondary Citations

Put the author's last name and the source.

(McClelland, 2000, as cited in Coltheart et al., 2021)

f. Multiple Citations

Separate multiple citations by semicolons.

The professions are the subject of considerable sociological attention (Chagnon, 2015; Lorber, 2017; Vassiliou, 2020).

g. Multiple Reference

Where there is more than one reference to the same author and year, use letters (a, b) to distinguish them one from the other.

(Roberts, 1999a; 1999b).

Direct Quotes:

If you're quoting the exact words of someone else, introduce the quote with an in-text citation in parentheses. Any sentence punctuation goes after the closing parenthesis.

- According to Brown (2021), "Direct quote" (p. 121).
- Brown (2021) found that "Direct quote" (p. 121).
- [Some other introduction] "Direct quote" (Brown, 2021, p. 121).

If you're directly quoting more than 40 words, use a blockquote. Block quotes don't need quotation marks. Instead, indent the text 1/2" as a visual cue that you are citing. The in-text citation in parentheses goes after the punctuation of the quote.

Shandy (2021) study found the following:

While research studies have established that socioeconomic status influences disease incidence, severity and access to healthcare, there has been relatively less study of the specific manner in which low SES influences receipt of quality care and consequent morbidity and mortality among patients with similar disease characteristics, particularly among those who have gained access to the healthcare system. (p. 75)

Note: Use direct quotes sparingly! Focus on summarizing the findings from multiple research studies. In the sciences and social sciences, only use the exact phrasing or argument of an individual when necessary.

Summarizing or Paraphrasing:

Paraphrasing or summarizing the main findings or takeaways from a research article is the preferred method of citing sources in an APA paper. Always include the last name of the author(s) and the year of the article, so your reader can find the full citation in the reference list.

According to Shavers (2007), limitations of studying socioeconomic status in research on health disparities include difficulties in collecting data on socioeconomic status and the complications of classifying women, children, and employment status.

16. References list:

Include the complete citation at the end of your paper in a references section. References are organized by the author's last name in alphabetic (A-Z) order. Use an hanging indent to separate each list item.

Basic Format:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date). Title of the work. Source where you can retrieve the work. URL or DOI if available.

a. Journal Article

Ashing‐Giwa, K. T., Padilla, G., Tejero, J., Kraemer, J., Wright, K., Coscarelli, A., Clayton, S., Williams, I., & Hills, D. (2004). Understanding the breast cancer experience of women: A qualitative study of African American, Asian American, Latina and Caucasian cancer survivors. Psycho‐Oncology, 13(6), 408-428.

b. News/Magazine Article

Kennedy, M. (2018, October 15). To prevent wildfires, PG&E pre-emptively cuts power to thousands in California. National Public Radio.

c. Book

Schmidt, N. A., & Brown, J. M. (2017). Evidence-based practice for nurses: Appraisal and application of research (4th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC.

d. Book Chapter with Editor(s)

McCormack, B., McCance, T., & Maben, J. (2013). Outcome evaluation in the development of person-centred practice. In B. McCormack, K. Manley, & A. Titchen (Eds.), Practice development in nursing and healthcare (pp. 190-211). John Wiley & Sons.

e. Web Page

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Preventing HPV-associated cancers.

f. Online Report

Los Angeles County Department of Public Health. (2017, January). Key indicators of health by service planning area.

g. Conference Paper

Mason, I. & Missingham, R. (2019, October 21–25). Research libraries, data curation, and workflows [Paper presentation]. eResearch Australasia Conference, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

h. Dissertation or Thesis

Valentin, E. R. (2019, Summer). Narcissism predicted by Snapchat selfie sharing, filter usage, and editing [Master's thesis, California State University Dominguez Hills]. CSU ScholarWorks.

i. YouTube Videos

MSNBC. (2020, January 7). Julián Castro endorses Elizabeth Warren [Video]. YouTube.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. Submissions HAVE NOT BEEN published previously, or are under consideration by OTHER journals (or an explanation has not been provided in comments to the editor)

  2. Manuscripts use the article template provided by the journal.
  3. When available, URLs and DOIs for reference have been provided.

  4. Text single-space; font 12; italic; not underlined (except the URL address); and all the illustrations, figures, and tables placed in the text at the right point, not at the end. 

  5. Text that complies with the requirements regarding libraries and language styles is outlined in the Author Guidelines, which will be found on the page About Us. 


Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and publishing rights and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC-SA) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

Privacy Statement
The names and email addresses used in this journal will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.