ANALISA DSC TERHADAP SINTESIS PLASTIK HDPE–FLY ASH

Laila Khamsatul Muharrami

Abstract

Termoplastik merupakan polimer sintetik yang paling banyak diproduksi dan salah satu produksi termoplastik yang sedang naik daun adalah polietilen. Aplikasi termoplastik banyak dimanfaatkan oleh perusahaan plastik dan non-palstik. Perusahaan plastik biasa menggunakan termoplastik sebagai bahan pengemas, alat rumah  tangga, pembangunan, otomotif, listrik dan sebagainya.  Penelitian ini membuat film HDPE dengan filler fly ash dengan variasi konsentrasi 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, dan 20% dengan harapan film plastic HDPE mempunyai ketahanan/ kekuatan terhadap degradasi termal. Analisa termal yang digunakan adalah DSC. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya sebuah puncak yaitu pada suhu 132,50C dengan entalphi sebesar 211,4 mJ/mg pada sampel awal sedangkan pada film HDPE-filler 5% menunjukkan adanya sebuah puncak yaitu pada suhu 130,60C dengan entalphi sebesar 224,7 mJ/mg.

 

Thermoplastic is a synthetic polymer most widely being produced and one of the production of thermoplastic that is rising, is polyethylene. Thermoplastic Application is used by many companies of plastics and non-plastics. Companies usually use thermoplastic plastics as packaging materials, household appliances, construction, automotive, electrical and so on. This study makes HDPE film with fly ash filler with varying concentrations of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% in the hope of HDPE plastic films have resistance / strength against thermal degradation. Thermal analysis that is used was DSC. The results showed that a peak is at a temperature 132,50C with enthalpy of 211.4 mJ / mg at the start of the sample while the HDPE film-filler 5% indicates a peak that is at a temperature 130,60C with enthalpy of 224.7 mJ / mg.

Keywords

film HDPE; fly ash; DSC; analisa termal; HDPE film; fly ash; DSC; thermal analysis;

Full Text:

PDF

References

Albertson A. C. dan Huang S. J., (1995), Degradable Polymer Recycling & Plastic Waste Management, Macel Dekker Inc., New York

Al-Malaika, S., Chohan, S., Coker, M. dan Scott, G., (1995), “A Comparative Study of the Degradability dan Recyclability of Different Classes of Degradable Polietilen”, Pure AHDPElication Chemistry, Vol A32, hal. 709

Benavides, R., Edge, M. dan Allen, N. S., (1995), “The Mode of Action of Metal Stearate Stabilizers in Poly(vinyl Chloride) : Influence of Pre-heating on inducton times dan Carbonyl Formaton”, Polymer Degradation dan Stability, Vol. 49, hal. 341

Bill, Mayer, (1984), Textbook of Polymer Science, John Wiley & Sons Inc, Singapura

Brian Smith, (1999), “Infrared Spectral Interpretation”, CRC Press, Boca ratun London New York washington DC.

Chand, Navin dan S. R. Vashishtha, (2000), “Development, Structure dan Strenght Properties of PP/PMMA/FA Blends”, Bull. Mater. Sci. ,Vol. 23, No. 2, hal. 103-107

Charrier, J. M., (1989), “Polymeric Materials dan Processing : Plastics, Elastomers dan Composites, Hanser, New York

Daintith, John, (1994), “A Concist Dictionary Of Chemistry” Oxford University Press, British

Davis, Anthony, (1983), “Weathering Of Polymer”, AHDPElied Science Polymer

Evelin d. Bliznakov, chris c. White, montgomery t. Shaw, (2000), “Mechanical Properties of Blends of HDPE and Recycled Urea-Formaldehyde Resin”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 77, hal. 3220–3227.

Fried, J. R., (1995), “Polymer Science Dan Technology”, Pientice Hall PTR, New Jersey

Gedde, ULF, W., (1995), “Polimer Physics”, Chapman dan Hall, British

Harper, Charles A., (2002), Hdan Book of Plastics, Elastomers dan Composites, Edisi ke empat, McGraw-Hill, New York

Hartono, Anton, J., (1995), Penuntun Analisis Polimer Aktual, Edisi pertama, Dani Offset Yogyakarta

Hawkins, W. L., (1984), “Polymer Degradation dan Stabilization”, Springer-Verlag, New York

Heidrich, C., (2002), Ash Utilisation - An Australian Perspective, Geopolymers 2002 International Conference, Melbourne- Australia

Ismail, Suryadiansyah, (2002), “Thermoplastic Elastomers Based On Poly Propylene/natural Rubber dan Poly Propylene/Recycled Rubber Blends”, Journal of Polymer testing, Vol. 21, hal. 385-395

Lachance, G. R., dan Claisse F., (1994), Quantitative X-ray Fluorescence Analysis: Theory dan Application, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Lin, Y., (1997), “Study of Ultraviolet Photooxidative Degradation of LDPE Film Containing Cerium Carboxylate Photosensitizer”, Journal Appl. Plym. Sci., Vol. 63

Luzuriaga Sharbel, Kovarova Jana and Fortelny Ivan, (2006), “Degradation of pre-aged polymers exposed to stimulated recycling : Properties and thermal stability”, Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 91, hal. 1226-1232

Malik, J., Stoll, K. H., Cabaton, D. dan Thurmer, A., (1995), “Processing Stabilization of HDPE : A Complex Study of an Additive Package”, Polymer Degradation dan Stability, Vol. 50, hal. 329

M. Sa´nchez-Soto, A. Rossa, A.J. Sa´nchez, dan J. Ga´mez-Pe´rez, (2007), “Blends of HDPE wastes: Study of the properties”, Waste Management, email : m.sanchez-soto@upc.edu

Odion, George, (1991), “Principles Of Polimerization” 3th edition, The College Of Staten Isldan, The City University Of New York, John Willwe dan Sons Inc, Staten Isldan New York

Pfaender, Rudolf, (2006), “How Will Additives Shape the Future of Plastics?, Polymer Degradation dan Stability, Vol. 91, hal. 2249-2256

Pospisil, J., Franek A. Sitek, dan Rudolf Pfaendner, (1995), Upgrading of Recycled Plastics by Restabilization –an overview”, Polymer Degradation dan Stability, Vol. 48, hal. 351-358

Rabek, J. F., (1996), Experimental Methods of Polymer Chemistry, John Wiley dan Sons Inc, New York

Reiner, Hess, Clariant GmbH, Gersthofen (2003), Plastics Additives dan Additive concentrates Markets dan products, Reiner.Hess@clariant.com

Review Technical Information Plastics RT-01, (2004), Mineral Additives for the Plastics Industry, Omya International AG, Switzerldan

Roser, L. S., (1993), Fundamental Principles of Polymer Material, 2nd Edition, A Wiley Interscience Publication, New York

Rui Yang, Ying Liu, Jian Yu, dan Kunhua Wang, (2006), “Thermal oxidation products and kinetics of polyethlene composites”, Polymer Degaradation and Stability, Vol. 91, hal. 1651-1657.

Samsudin, Sani Amril, (2006), “Chemical resistance evaluation of polystyrene/Polypropylene Blends Effect of Blend Compositions and SEBS Content”, Malaysian Polymer Journal, Vol. 1, No.1 , hal. 11-24

Strong, Brent.A, (2000), Plastics Materials and Processing”, Edisi Kedua, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New` Jersey, Columbus, Ohio

Valadez, A, (2004), “Mineral filler influence on the photo-oxidation mechanism degradation of high density polyethylene. Part II : natural exposure test”, Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 83, hal.139-148.

West, Anthony R., (1992), Solid State Chemistry dan Its Applications, Department of Chemistry, University of Abardeen, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, New York

Xanthos, M., (1996), “Plastics Processing”, Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Edisi keempat, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.21107/rekayasa.v7i1.2086

Metrics

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Universitas Trunojoyo Madura

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.