Technoscapes and mediascapes influence on village and city relations in Manggarai, East Nusa Tenggara

Ans Prawati Yuliantari

Abstract


The development of infrastructure and information technology has a significant impact on the relationship between Ruteng, the capital of the Manggarai district, and the surrounding villages. The mobility of the people between the cities and villages has led to new problems which previously did not have a significant influence. The shrinking of the rural agricultural sector and the development of the informal sector in the city are indicative of the dynamic relationship between the two. In order to see the phenomenon of changes that occur in the relationship between Ruteng and the surrounding villages, a theory of landscapes by Arjun Appadurai is used. Interviews were conducted with two entrepreneurs who employed people from five villages, namely Wae Belang, Pong Murung, Purang, Lando, and Nanu, and ten workers from those villages. Observations and literature reviews were carried out to support and complement the data obtained by the interview method. Technoscape, in the form of physical infrastructure development in rural areas and mediascape in the form of television and radio shows, as well as social media, became a pull factor for migration to Ruteng. Meanwhile, the traditional view in the form of go’et (traditional expressions) and the similarity of culture become the push factors for urbanization to Ruteng.


Keywords


technoscapes; mediascapes; Ruteng; city; village

Full Text:

PDF

References


Appadurai, A. (1996). Modernity at large: Cultural dimensions of globalization. University of Minnesota Press.

BPS Kabupaten Manggarai. (2009). Manggarai dalam angka. Pemerintah Daerah Manggarai.

BPS Kabupaten Manggarai. (2013). Manggarai dalam angka. Pemerintah Daerah Kabpaten Manggarai.

BPS Kabupaten Manggarai. (2014a). Manggarai dalam angka 2014. Pemerintah Kabupaten Manggarai.

BPS Kabupaten Manggarai. (2014b). Indikator kesejahteraan rakyat Kabupaten Manggarai 2014. Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten Manggarai.

Creswell, J. W. (2016). Research design: Pendekatan metode kualitatif, kuantitatif dan campuran. Pustaka Pelajar.

Dana, J., Dawesy, R., & Peterson, N. (2013). Belief in the unstructured interview: The persistence of an illusion. Judgment and Decision Making, 8(5), 512–520.

Hagul, A., & Lana, C. D. (1989). Manggarai kemarin, hari Ini, dan esok. Dinas Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Manggarai.

Hemo, D. (1988). Sejarah daerah Manggarai NTT. Tanpa Penerbit.

Heyman, J. M., & Campbell, H. (2009). The anthropology of global flows: A critical reading of Appadurai's 'disjuncture and difference in the global cultural economy'. Antropological Theory, 9(2), 131-148. https://doi.org/10.1177/1463499609105474

Janggur, P. (2010). Butir-butir adat Manggarai II. Yayasan Siri Bongkok.

Karst, K. L. (1986). Paths to belonging: The constitution and cultural identity. North Carolina Law Review, 2(4), 303-377.

Papastergiadis, N. (2000). The turbulence of migration: Globalization, deterritorialization and hybridity. Polity Press.

Prinz, A. (2019). Migration, cultural identity and diasporas an identity economic approach. IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 10(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.2478/izajodm-2019-0001

Regus, M., & Deki, K. T. (2011). Gereja menyapa Manggarai. Parrhesia Institute.

Samers, M. (2010). Migration. Routledge.

Stead, D. (2002). Urban-rural relationships in the west of England. Built Environment, 28(4), 299-310.

Stewart Jr, C. T. (1958). The urban-rural dichotomy: Concepts and uses. American Journal of Sociology, 64(2), 152-158.

Tacoli, C., McGranahan, G., & Saterthwaite, D. (2015). Urbanization, rural–urban migration and urban poverty. International Organization for Migration (IOM).

Webb, R. P. (1994). The children of Mori Kereng: Education dan strategies in Manggarai Flores. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society, 22(2), 141-158.

Willemsen, M. (1998). In memoriam Jilis A.J. Verheijen SVD 26 March 1908 – 25 April 1997: A collector's life. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 154(1), 1-12.

Woods, M. (2011). Rural. Routledge.

Yuliantari, A. P. (2016a). Contestation between global and local in Manggarai rap music. Rubikon, 3(1), 1-9.

Yuliantari, A. P. (2016b). “Molas baju wara”: Hybridity in Manggarai rap music. CELT Journal, 16(2), 201-216. https://doi.org/10.24167/celt.v16i2.769

Yuliantari, A. P., Adi, I. R., & Ganap, V. (2015). Ruteng is da city: Representasi lokalitas dalam musik rap Manggarai. Resital, 16(2), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.24821/resital.v16i2.1511




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/sml.v3i1.7112

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Ans Prawati Yuliantari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 Simulacra is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-SA and published by the Center for Sociological Studies and Community Development, Department of Sociology, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura.