Relasi Habitus dalam Perikanan Napoleon Wrasse di Kabupaten Kepulauan Anambas, Kepulauan Riau

Siti Arieta


This study examines fishery management on Napoleon wrasse species in Anambas Islands district from a sociological point of view, using agent-structure relations perspective proposed by Pierre Bourdieu. It is found that the vital values of this species (ecological economic, and social) are not applied equally. Expansionist relationship within the use of this species had caused economic value is more prioritized than others.  As a result, sustainability of marine ecosystem becomes threatened. Other than that, fishing community as subsistence group is also ecologically in danger in a long term. Qualitative methodology was used for 8(eight) months period of time. This research was conducted at the center of Napoleon wrasse fishery within 3(three) sub districts consisting of 5(five) villages namely Air Sena (Siantan Tengah sub district), Batu belah (Siantan Timur sub district), also Putik, Ladan and Piabung (Palmatak sub district). Habitus formed by personal history and in addition to become a baseline for collective actions and commitment of involving actors has not been supporting the value of sustainable fisheries. This has caused incoherency between international and national commitment in protecting Napoleon wrasse.  Thus, this habitus within the fishing communities and the network of Napoleon wrasse fishery considered to be a fallacy of thinking. Therefore, a governance is urgently needed in order to add the value knowledge, to change desires and habits in terms of supporting the establishment of sustainable Napoleon wrasse fishery in Anambas Islands district.


habitus; doxa; value; Napoleon wrasse; sustainable

Full Text:



Adhuri, D. (2013). Selling the Sea, Fishing for Power: A study of conflict over marine tenure in Kei Islands, Eastern Indonesia. Canberra: ANU Press.

Adib, M. (2012). Agen dan Struktur dalam Pandangan Piere Bourdieu. BioKultur, Vol.I/No.2/Juli- Desember 2112, 91-110.

Amarulia, O., dan Yulianto, B. (2014). Budaya, Identitas & Masalah Keamanan Maritim. Jakarta: Universtas Pertahanan Indoenesia.

Armitage et al. (2008). Adaptive co-management and paradox of learning. Global Environmental Change, 86-98.

Berkes, F. (1985). Fishermen and 'The Tragedy of the Commons'. Environmental Conservation, Vol. 12, No.3, 199-206.

Berkes, F. (2002). Cross scale institutional linkages: Perspective from the bottom up. In e. Ostrom et al, The Drama of the Commons (pp. 291-321). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Berkes, F. (2007). Adaptive co-management and complexity: exploring the many faces of co-management. In F. B. D. Armitge, Adaptive co-management: collaboration, learning and multi-level governance (pp. 19-38). Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: University of British Columbia Press.

Berkes, F. (2012). Sacred Ecology, 3rd edition. New York: Routledge.

Buttel. (2002). Environmental Sociology and the Sociology of Natural Resources: Institutional Histories and Intellectual Legacies. Society and Natural Resources, 15, 205-211.

Campbell et al. (2013). Co-management: approaches and incentives improve management. Marine Policy 41, 72-79.

Carlsson & Berkes. (2005). Co-management: concepts and methodological implications. Journal of Environmental Management, 65-76.

Caves et al. (2013). Integrating Collaboration, Adaptive Management, and Scenario-Planning Experiences at Las Cienegas National Conservation Area. Ecology and Society, Vol. 18, No. 3 .

Charles, A. (1994). Towards sustainability: The Fishery Experience. Ecological Economics (11), 201-211.

Clausen, R. & Clark, B. (2005). The metabolic rift and marine ecology: An analysis of ocean crisis within capitalist production. Organization & Environment 18, 422-444.

Crona, B.I. & Parker, J.N. (2012). Learning in Support of Governance Theories, Methods, and a Framework to Assess How Bridging Organizations Contribute to Adaptive Resource Governance. Ecology and Society, Vol. 17, No. 1.

Dirhamsyah. (2014). IUU fishing in Indonesia’s live reef fisheries. Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, 44-52.

Evans et al. (2011). Assessing the impact of fisheries co-management interventions in developing countries: A meta-analysis. Journal of Environmental Management 92 , 1938-1949.

Folke, et al. (2005). Adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Annu Rev Environ Resour 30, pp. 441-473.

Foster, T. (2013). Predictors of sustainability for community-managed handpumps in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Liberia,

Sierra Leone and Uganda. Environmental Science & Technology, 12037-12046.

Goldman & Schurman. (2000). Closing the Great Dive: New Social Theory on Society and Nature. Annual Review of Sociology Vol.26, 563-584.

Guttierez et al. (2011). Leadership, social capital and incentives promote succesful fisheries. Nature Vol. 470, 386-389.

Hannesson, R. (1996). Fisheries mismanagement: the case of the North Atlantic cod. Oxford: Fishing New Books Ltd.

Hardin, G. (1968). The tragedy of the commons. Sceience 162, 1243-1248.

Ho et al. (2016). The Influence of Leadership in Fisheries Co-Management: the Case of Tam Giang Lagoon Vietnam. Society & Natural Resources, 1-16.

Islam, M. (2017). Sustainability through the Lens of Environmental Sociology: An Introduction. Sustainability.

Jenkins, R. (2004). Membaca Pikiran Pierre Bourdieu (Terjemahan Nurhadi). Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana.

Jentoft, S. (1989). Fisheries co management: Delegating government responsibility to fishermen's organizations. Marine Policy, 137-154.

Kowalski & Jenkins. (2015). The Role of Bridging Organizations in Environmental Management: Examining Social Networks in Working Group. Ecology and Society, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Jun 2015).

Longo & Clausen. (2011). The Tragedy of the Commodity: The overexploitation of the Mediterrian blue fin tuna. Organization & Environment 24(3), 312-328.

McCay, B. (2002). Emergence of institutions for the commons: contexts, situations, and events. In N. D. E.T. Diez, The drama of the commons (pp. 361-402). Washington, D.C., USA: National Academy Press.

McKechie, I. (2007). Investigating the complexities of sustainable fishing at a prehistoric village on western Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. . Journal for Nature Conservation Vol 15(3), 208-222.

Mustika, P. L., Gunawan, T. & Erdmann, M. V. (eds). (2013). A Marine Rapid Assessment (MRAP) of the Anambas Islands Marine Tourism Park, 3-31 May 2012. Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI), the Government of Anambas Regency, The Nature Conservancy, Conservation International Indonesia, The Nature Conservancy. Denpasar: Conservation International Indonesia.

Nielsen and Vedsman. (1997). Fishermen's organization in fisheries management: Perspective for fisheries co management based on Danish fisheries. Marine Policy, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 277 28, 277-288.

Olsson, et al. (2007). Enhancing the fit through adaptive co-management: creating and maintaining bridging functions for matching scales in the Kristianstads Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve Sweden. Ecology and Society 12(1).

Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the commons. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ostrom, E. (2005). Understanding institutional diversity. Princeton, New Jersey, USA: Princeton University Press.

Pitcher & Lam. (2010). Fishful Thinking Rhetoric, Reality, and the Sea Before Us. Ecology and Society, Vol. 15, No. 2.

Plummer et al. (2017). Diagnosing adaptive comanagement across multiple cases. Ecology and Society, Vol. 22, No. 3.

Pomeroy et al. (2016). Driversandimpactsof fisheries scarcity,competition, and conflict on maritime security. Marine Policy 67, 94-104.

Pomeroy R., Berkes, F. (1997). Two to tango: the role of government in fisheries co-management. Marine Policy 21(5), 465-480.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Siti - Arieta

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Simulacra has been indexed in these prominent indexing services:

Sinta 3DOAJIndex CopernicusEBSCOGoogle ScholarCrossrefDimensionsWorldcatHarvard LibraryOxford LibraryUniversiteit LeidenDRJIScilit MDPIPKP IndexROADBASEMorarefColumbia LibrarySheffield LibraryCORE


 Simulacra is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-SA and published by the Center for Sociological Studies and Community Development, Department of Sociology, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura.