Resiliensi Trauma Pada Dewasa Muda Penyintas Kekerasan yang Terindikasi Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Chandradewi Kusristanti, Arif Triman, Renada Gita Paramitha



Violence is categorized as a traumatic experience for its survivors. Although violent incidents can increase the risk of developing PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), several works of literature showed that some people can adapt positively. We argued that trauma resilience is a factor that significantly correlated with PTSD symptoms found in violence survivors. This study is aimed to investigate the association between trauma resilience and PTSD symptoms among violence survivors. Measurements used in this study are Trauma Resilience Scale (α = 0.956) which was constructed by Madsen and Abell (2010) and PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (α = 0.709). We recruited participants through purposive sampling (n = 75), with participants’ characteristics are individuals who experienced violence, age 20 – 40 years old, and scored ≥ 50 in PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version to indicate they indeed develop some PTSD symptoms. Data were analysed using Spearman’s Rank on JASP The result showed that trauma resilience and PTSD symptoms among participants are significantly correlated (p<0.01; rs = -0.637). Result of this study indicates the need to establish a group counseling or training program that focused on enhancing resilience designed for people with a history of violence.



Kekerasan merupakan pengalaman traumatik bagi penyintasnya. Meskipun peristiwa kekerasan dapat meningkatkan risiko untuk mengembangkan PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), namun ada beberapa individu yang tetap mampu beradaptasi positif. Peneliti berpendapat bahwa resiliensi trauma merupakan salah satu faktor yang berkorelasi signifikan dengan simtom PTSD yang dialami oleh penyintas kekerasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara resiliensi trauma dan simtom PTSD pada partisipan berupa penyintas kekerasan. Penelitian ini menggunakan alat ukur Trauma Resilience Scale (α = 0.956) yang dikonstruksi oleh Madsen dan Abell (2010) untuk mengukur resiliensi  trauma  dan  alat  ukur  PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (α = 0.709) untuk mengukur simtom PTSD pada partisipan. Dengan menggunakan purposive sampling, terdapat 75 orang partisipan penelitian yang memenuhi kriteria penelitian, yaitu individu yang mengalami kekerasan berusia 20-40 tahun dan mencapai skor ≥ 50 pada alat ukur PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version untuk mengindikasikan adanya simtom PTSD. Data kemudian diolah menggunakan analisis Spearmans Rank dengan menggunakan software statistik JASP, dan ditemukan bahwa kedua variabel berkorelasi signifikan (p<0.01; rs = -0.637). Temuan ini mengindikasikan kebutuhan untuk menciptakan program konseling kelompok ataupun pelatihan yang secara spesifik didesain untuk individu dengan pengalaman kekerasan.


PTSD, resilience, Trauma Resilience Scale (TRS), violence, resiliensi, Trauma Resilience Scale (TRS), kekerasan


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