Sujito Sujito, Irvany Nurita Pebriana, Hestiningtyas Yuli Pratiwi, Abdul Hayyi, Kadim Masjkur, Asim Asim, Sutopo Sutopo


This purpose of this study is to improve media of Socratic dialogue that has been developed by the previous researcher and to determine the effect of the Socratic dialogue in enhance understanding of heat concept. As a result of prior research, showed students still have a misconception. Data collected from one institution of high school in Malang City using pre and posttest. Student’s conceptual changes that occur previous, during, after will be analyzed based on pretest and posttest scores and rethinking sequence of used record Socratic dialogue media. To explore more in-depth, the researcher conducted interviews with students on this concept. This result showed Socratic dialogue media could help students be aware mistakes or students become convinced if their opinion is correct. This study is important because it uses to improve student’s comprehension to move from the false toward the right concept. In some cases, the result of this study used for recovery and prevent to misconception. It can solve with appear cognitive conflict in the minds of students through Socratic dialogue.

Full Text:



Alwan, A. A. (2011). Misconception of heat and temperature Among physics students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 12, 600–614.

Antwi, V., & Aryeetey, C. (2015). Students’ Conception on Heat and Temperature: A Study on Two Senior High Schools in the Central Region of Ghana, 4(4), 14.

Başer, M. (2006). Fostering Conceptual Change by Cognitive Conflict Based Instruction on Students’ Understanding of Heat and Temperature Concepts. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 2, 96–114.

Boa, E. A., Wattanatorn, A., & Tagong, K. (2018). The development and validation of the Blended Socratic Method of Teaching (BSMT): An instructional model to enhance critical thinking skills of undergraduate business students. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 39(1), 81–89.

Brookes, D. T., & Etkina, E. (2015). The Importance of Language in Students’ Reasoning About Heat in Thermodynamic Processes. International Journal of Science Education, 37, 759–779.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, And Evaluating Qualitativ And Quantitative Research. Pearson Education, Inc. Retrieved from

Kang, H., Scharmann, L. C., Kang, S., & Noh, T. (2010). Cognitive conflict and situational interest as factors influencing conceptual change, 5(4), 383–405.

Leinonen, R., Asikainen, M. A., & Hirvonen, P. E. (2013). Overcoming students’ misconceptions concerning thermal physics with the aid of hints and peer interaction during a lecture course. Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research, 9.

Marcisz, N. A., & Woien, S. (2010). A Case Study: Enhancing Critical Thinking Skills in an Online Health Care Ethics Course, 6(2), 9.

Oyler, D. R., & Romanelli, F. (2014). The Fact of IgnoranceRevisiting the Socratic Method as a Tool for Teaching Critical Thinking. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 78(7), 144.

Pebriana, I. N. (2016). Pengembangan Media Dialog Sokratik Sebagai Alat Bantu Untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Kalor. Skripsi.

Prince, M., Vigeant, M., & Nottis, K. (2012). Development of the Heat and Energy Concept Inventory: Preliminary Results on the Prevalence and Persistence of Engineering Students’ Misconceptions. Journal of Engineering Education, 101, 412–438.

Raymond A. Serway, & Jewet Jr., J. W. (2014). Physics for Scientists and Engineers (9th ed.). United States of America: Physical Sciences: Mary Finch.

Sunardi, S., Retno P., P., & Andreas B., D. (2016). Fisika untuk Siswa SMA/MA XI. Penerbit Yrama Widya. Retrieved from

Sutopo, & Waldrip, B. (2014). Impact of A Representational Approach on Students’ Reasoning And Conceptual Understanding in Learning Mechanics. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 12(4), 741–765.

Varma, P., He, B., Iter, D., Xu, P., Yu, R., De Sa, C., & Ré, C. (2016). Socratic Learning: Augmenting Generative Models to Incorporate Latent Subsets in Training Data. ArXiv:1610.08123 [Cs, Stat]. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Pena Sains Indexed by:

Directory of Open Access Journals                       Home         Find in a library with WorldCat                   Related image





 Creative Commons License

Jurnal Pena Sains is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright © 2014 Science Education Program Study, University of Trunojoyo Madura.