Determinants of the Human Development Index (HDI) in Indonesia, 2014 - 2021

Dwi Palupi Panglipuring Tyas, Ni Made Sukartini


Human development is a process of community change in improving the welfare and
prosperity of their lives which includes aspects of health, education, economic and
social aspects. This study aims to analyze the effect of protein intake, early marriage,
health and educational facilities, unemployment, and MSMEs on HDI in Indonesia.
The OLS and FEM model are used to estimate Indonesia’s 34 provinces panel data
set from 2014 in 2021. The study results show the life expectancy was affected by
protein consumption, number of hospitals, and health centers. The average length of
schooling is affected by the number of elementary, high school, and vocational schools and is influenced by the number of elementary and vocational school teachers. Gross Domestic Regional Product (GRDP) per capita is affected by unemployment rate and MSMEs. The increasing of protein consumption, early marriages evidences, number of health care provision, number of school are correlated on HDI. Furthermore, HDI is also affectef by the reduction of unemployment and number of MSMEs.


Konsumsi Protein, Proporsi wanita yang menikah dibawah usia 18 tahun, Fasilitas Kesehatan dan Pendidikan, TPT dan UMKM, IPM

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