H Hafiludin


Indonesia has a marine biological resources are very large with the content of various types of creatures living in it. The biological richness of which are fish that have a benefit in the field of food and health. Tunafish (Euthynnus affinis) is a species that is very interesting to study both in terms of nutritional composition and in terms of its economy. The purpose of this study was to determine the nutrient content and chemical compounds contained in red meat and white meat tuna. Research methodology includes observation of morphology, proximate analysis and phytochemical analysis of tuna. The highest yield was found in meat that  50%. Proximate protein content of the highest in the white meat that was 68.36%, the highest fat in red meat was 5.6%, the highest in red meat ash 3.29%, and the highest water on the white meat that was 12.16%. In the white meat and red meat tuna contained alkaloid, steroid, and carbohydrate compounds (molisch).


Keywords: proximate, chemical compounds, tuna (Euthynnus affinis)


Association of Official Analytical Chemist [AOAC]. 2005. Official Methods of Analysis (18 Edn). Association of Official Analytical Chemist Inc. Mayland. USA.

Arias, Garcia., Navarro, dan Garcia Linares M.C. 2004. Effect of different treatment and storage on the proximate compotition and protein quality in canned tuna. Archivos Latino americanos De Nutriticion. 54(1):112-117.

Brill R.W. dan P.G. Bushnell. 2006. Effect of open and closed system temperature changes on blood O2-binding characteristics of atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). Fish Physiol Biochem. 32: 283-294.

Collette, B.B. & C.E. Nauren 1983. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of Tunas, Mackerels, Bonitos and related species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop., (125)2:137 p.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 1995. Materia Medika Indonesia. Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

[DKP]. Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan. 2008b. Statistik Ekspor Hasil Perikanan 2007. Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Tangkap. Jakarta :Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Fromentin, J.M., dan J.E. Powers. 2005. Atlantic blue fin tuna: population dynamics, ecology, fisheries and management. Fish and Fisheries. 6 : 281-306.

Hadiwiyoto, Suwedo. 1993. Teknologi Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan. Jilid I. Liberty. Yogyakarta.

Nakamura, Yoshi N., Masashi A., Manabu S., Ken I.K., dan Yasuyuki T. 2005. Comparison of the proximate compositions, breaking strength and histological structure by the muscle positions of the full-cycle cultured Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus oriental. Fisheries Science. 71: 605-611.

Nakamura, Yoshi N., Masashi A., Manabu S., Ken I.K., dan Yasuyuki T. 2007. Changes of proximate compositions and myoglobin content in the dorsal ordinary muscles of the cultured Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis with growth. Fisheries Science. 73 : 1155-1159.

Noren, S.R., dan E.F. Edwards. 2007. Physiological and behaviour development in Delphinid Calves : implication of calf separation and mortality due to tuna purse-seine set. Marine Mammal Science. 23(1):15-29.

Othmer, Kirk. 1998. Ecyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Volume 1. Fourth Edition.. Jhon Wiley and Sons Inc. USA.

Rospiati E. 2006. Evaluasi Mutu dan Nilai Gizi Nugget Daging Merah Ikan Tuna (thunnus sp) yang Diberi Perlakuan Titanium Dioksida. Sekolah Pasca Sarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Subaryono., Farida Saanin, M.H. 1984. Taksonomi dan Kunci Identifikasi Ikan. Binacipta. Bandung

Ariyani., dan Dwiyitno. 2004. Penggunaan arang untuk mengurangi kadar histamin ikan pindang tongkol batik (Euthynnus affinis). Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia. Edisi Pasca Panen. Badan Riset Kelautan dan Perikanan DKP. 10(13):27-34.

Suriawiria, Unus. 2002. Omega 3 Ikan Mengurangi Ancaman Sakit Jantung.ITB. http://www.gizi.net/cgi-bin/berita/fullnews.cgi?newside1022821996,69729. Tanggal akses 23 Agustus 2009.

Suzuki, Taneko. 1981. Fish and Krill Protein : Processing Technology. Applied Science Publishers Ltd. London.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/jk.v4i1.885


  • There are currently no refbacks.