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Author Guidelines

Before prepare and submit article manuscripts, please note that author(s) are discouraged from withdrawing submitted papers after it is in the publication process (review, copyedit, layout, etc.,). During the time, Widyagogik: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Sekolah Dasar had spent valuable resources besides time spent in the process.


TEMPLATE (.docx)

TEMPLATE (.pdf) 

Please prepare your manuscript before submission, using the following guidelines and the article template below: Format Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format. We currently do not accept other formats, such as LaTex or PDF files. Article Length Articles should be between 10-15 pages, including references. A maximum of 4 pages long appendices are allowed.

Title The title is written using Calibri (Body) 16 pt, a maximum of 14 words.

(Authors' identity should be written entirely by giving name, institution, and email address for correspondence author)

The abstract should be written briefly and factually in English. The abstract contains a clear elaboration of research purpose, result, and conclusion. The abstract should be written separately from the article. Reference should not be written in the abstract, but if it is indispensable, the authors' name and publication year should be cited. The nonstandard abbreviation should be avoided, but if it is indispensable, the full name should be specified in its initial mention. Abstract written in 1 Alenia, single-spaced, using the font Calibri (Body) 11 pt, 100-200 words.

Keywords – Keywords consist of 3-5 words or phrases.

1.    Introduction

The introduction contains the purpose of article/research that is formulated and presented by an adequate introduction and avoids detail references and research result presentations. The research urgency, supporting facts, and data must be included. A preliminary research result should be explained as the basis of the research. Before mentioning the objective/s, a gap analysis must be elucidated. The gap analysis states the difference/s between the research and other previous studies. At this point, the novelty will be apparent. The research stance must be included, whether it corrects, debates, or support the previous research.

2.    Method

The method used should be accompanied by references; the relevant modification should be explained. The procedure and data analysis technique should be emphasized in a literature review article. The stages and analysis of the research must be explained in detail.

3.    Result and Discussion

The results and discussion should be presented in the same part, clearly and briefly. The discussion part should contain the benefit of the research result, not the repeat result part. The results and discussion part can be written in the same part to avoid the extensive quotation. Tables or graphs must present different results. The results of data analysis must be reliable in answering research problems.  References to the discussion should not repeat the references in the introduction. Comparisons to the findings of previous studies must be included.

4.    Conclusion

The conclusion of the research is presented briefly, narrative, non-bulleted, and conceptual. The research impact must be stated.

5.    Patents

This section is not mandatory, but may be added if there are patents resulting from the work reported in this manuscript.

Supplementary Materials: The following are available online at, Figure S1: title, Table S1: title, Video S1: title.

Author Contributions: For research articles with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided. The following statements should be used “Conceptualization, X.X. and Y.Y.; methodology, X.X.; software, X.X.; validation, X.X., Y.Y. and Z.Z.; formal analysis, X.X.; investigation, X.X.; resources, X.X.; data curation, X.X.; writing—original draft preparation, X.X.; writing—review and editing, X.X.; visualization, X.X.; supervision, X.X.; project administration, X.X.; funding acquisition, Y.Y. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.”, please turn to the CRediT taxonomy for the term explanation. Authorship must be limited to those who have contributed substantially to the work reported.

Funding: Please add: “This research received no external funding” or “This research was funded by NAME OF FUNDER, grant number XXX” and “The APC was funded by XXX”. Check carefully that the details given are accurate and use the standard spelling of funding agency names at, any errors may affect your future funding.

Acknowledgments: In this section you can acknowledge any support given which is not covered by the author contribution or funding sections. This may include administrative and technical support, or donations in kind (e.g., materials used for experiments).

Declaration of Conflicting Interests: Declare conflicts of interest or state “The authors declare no conflict of interest.” Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interest that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of reported research results. Any role of the funders in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results must be declared in this section. If there is no role, please state “The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results”.

Appendix A

The appendix is an optional section that can contain details and data supplemental to the main text. For example, explanations of experimental details that would disrupt the flow of the main text, but nonetheless remain crucial to understanding and reproducing the research shown; figures of replicates for experiments of which representative data is shown in the main text can be added here if brief, or as Supplementary data. Mathematical proofs of results not central to the paper can be added as an appendix.

Appendix B

All appendix sections must be cited in the main text. In the appendixes, Figures, Tables, etc. should be labeled starting with ‘A’, e.g., Figure A1, Figure A2, etc.


Reference in the article should cite the last name and year. If citing from some authors, it should be ordered based on the most recent reference. If citing from the article written by two authors, then all authors' names should be cited. Meanwhile, if citing from the article written by three or more authors, then it is cited by writing the first author's name followed by et al. Citation should be written in reference part. Every cited reference should be written completely in the reference part. An unpublished reference is not suggested to be cited in the article. References should be written according to the APA style. This journal requires 80% of the reference cited from the national and international journals.

Arslan, A. (2014).Transition between Open and Guided Inquiry Instruction. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 141, 407-412.

Benli, E.,  Sarikaya, M. (2012). The Investigation of the Effect of Problem Based Learning to the Academic Achievement and the Permanence of Knowledge of Prospective Science Teacher: The Problem of the Boiler Stone, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 4317-4322.

Chang, H., Wang, N.,  Ko, W.  Yu, Y.,  Lin,, L., Tsai, L. (2017). The effectiveness of clinical problem-based learning model of medico-jurisprudence education on general law knowledge for Obstetrics/Gynecological interns. Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 56 (3), 325-330.

Howell, J. B., Saye, J. W. (2018). Integrating theory and practice: Factors shaping elementary teachers׳ interpretation of an inquiry model for teaching social studies. The Journal of Social Studies Research, 42 (2), 201-214.

Jiang, Y., Clarke-Midura, J., Keller, B., Baker, R. S., Paquette, L., Ocumpaugh, J. (2018). Note-taking and science inquiry in an open-ended learning environment. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 55, 12-29.

Kant, J. M., Scheiter, K., Oschatz K. (2017). How to sequence video modeling examples and inquiry tasks to foster scientific reasoning. Learning and Instruction, 52, 46-58.

Liu, L., Du, X., Zhang, Z., Zhou, J. (2019). Effect of problem-based learning in pharmacology education: A meta-analysis. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 60,  43-58.

McNew-Birren, J., Kieboom, L. A. v. d. (2017). Exploring the development of core teaching practices in the context of inquiry-based science instruction: An interpretive case study. Teaching and Teacher Education, 66, 74-87.

Morgado, S., Leite, L. (2013). Science and Geography Teachers’ Conceptions Regarding Problem-based Learning Related Concepts. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 106, 2343-2347.

Nicholls, J. (2014). Teaching and evaluation of basic pathological sciences in a generation of problem based learning.Pathology, 46 (2), S32.

Roller, M. C., Zori, S. (2017). The impact of instituting Process-Oriented Guided-Inquiry Learning (POGIL) in a fundamental nursing course. Nurse Education Today, 50, 72-76.

Ruiz-Gallardo, J., Castaño, S., Gómez-Alday, J.J., Valdés, A. (2011). Assessing student workload in Problem Based Learning: Relationships among teaching method, student workload and achievement. A case study in Natural Sciences. Teaching and Teacher Education, 27 (3), 619-627.


Provisions on Writing Tables and Figures

  1. Tables and figures must be following the paper's informative needs;
  2. A caption must accompany each table, picture, and graphic. The table’s caption is located at the top of the table, while for pictures and graphics the caption is placed at the bottom;
  3. The author is encouraged to provide narrative reviews related to the tables or figures to be presented along with the tables or figures presented;
  4. Images must have an excellent resolution, be clear and meaningful, without graphic titles;
  5. Tables must contain a minimum of two rows of data and no unit repetition;
  6. Tables only use lines at the top and bottom of the table head and cover at the end of the data;
  7. Tables must be presented in its entirety, not clipped to another page;
  8. If there are two tables whose contents are interrelated, they can be placed close together;
  9. Extensive tables and figures/graphs may be placed in one column of text if needed


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, Calibri, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


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