The Dillem Of The Right To Privacy In Indonesia: Does Indonesia’s Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) in Spying People Violate International Human Rights Laws to Protect the Right to Privacy?

Dodik Pranata Wijaya


Corruption is a serious crime in Indonesia. Indonesia commonly recognize that Corruption as extra ordinary crime that has to be combated by extra ordinary means as well. Interception has been determined as the best way to reduce the number of these engaged in corruption, Indonesia is adherence to some international human rights instrument aims to support the basic rights of the people. The scope of the concept of privacy, in some theorists’ perspective has sailed to be properly conceptualized. In addition, the international community recognizes privacy is a fundamental human right which is well-described in several Conventions. This reflects the importance of the right to privacy for every individual in the world, either for adult, children or for people who have disabilities. Some of the interception actions done by the KPK, do not comply with the international principles on human rights in electronic surveillance actions. This means Indonesia must improve its laws through adding some articles in order to fully comply with international principles on human rights in electronic surveillance actions. The research method used is normative juridical, normative juridical is research based on the analysis of legal materials in the form of several legal principles and several legal theories as well as laws and regulations that are in accordance with the problems in this study.


African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. (n.d.). Retrieved April 19, 2018, from

Al-Amin Nasution Dibekuk KPK (Al-Amin Nasution Arrested by KPK). (2008, April 9). Hukum Retrieved from

Amaritasari, I. (2014). Corruption: An extraordinary crime. The Jakarta Post, p. 1. Retrieved from

Arif, B. N. (2008). Bunga Rampai Kebijakan Hukum Pidana Perkembangan Penyusunan Konsep KUHP Baru. Jakarta: Indonesia: Kencana.

Asbjørn Eide, Gudmundur Alfredsson, Göran Melander, Lars Adam Rehof, A. R. (1992). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights : a commentary / edited by Asbjørn Eide [and others] ; with the collaboration of Theresa Swinehart. Oslo : Scandinavian University Press.

Atas Perintah Antasari, KPK Sadap Telepon Rhani & Nasrudin“On Antasari Order, KPK Tap Phone Rhani & Nasrudin.” (2009, June 19). Retrieved from nasrudin

Brandeis, S. D. W. & L. D. (1890). The Right to Privacy. Harvard Law Review, 4, 200. Convention on the Rights of the Child. (1989). Retrieved April 18, 2018, from〈=en

David Weissbrodt, Fionnuala Ni Aolain, joan Fitzpatrick, F. N. (2009). International Human Rights: Law, Policy, and Process (4th ed.). Lexis Nexis. Definitions of the right to privacy. (n.d.). Retrieved April 18, 2018, from

Diggelmann, O., & Cleis, M. N. (2014). How the right to privacy became a human right. Human Rights Law Review, 14(3), 441–458.

European Court of Human Rights. (2017). Guide on Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights - Right to respect for private and family life, (April). Retrieved from

Frel, J. (2006). An Abuse of Power The NSA wiretapping scandal is an object lesson in how the American presidency -- not just this president -- has gained too much power. Retrieved February 27, 2018, from

Gabrillin, A. (2018, February 15). Belum Genap 2 Bulan Tahun 2018, Tujuh Kepala Daerah Jadi Tersangka KPK “Not Even Even 2 Months In 2018, Seven Regional Heads became suspects KPK.” Retrieved from tujuh-kepala-daerah-jadi-tersangka-kpk

Heniarti, D. D. (2016). INDONESIA IS COMBATING CORRUPTION : A Struggle between the Extra-Ordinary Measurement and Extraordinary People A . Preface, 24(2), 333–358.

Hidayat, R. (2008). Al Amin Nasution Jadi “Buah Bibir” Warga Jambi (Al Amin Nasution Become Hot Topic in Jambi)., p. 1. Retrieved from

Human Rights Committee. (2001). Absolute rights. Retrieved April 19, 2018, from

Indonesia: Law on the Commission for the Eradication of Criminal Acts of Corruption (Law No. 30 of 2002) (2002). Retrieved from

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families. (1990).

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (1990).

KATA DATA News and Research. (2017). Ternyata Pejabat Swasta Paling Banyak Tertangkap Korupsi KPK “It turns out Private Officials Most Caught Corruption KPK.” Retrieved February 28, 2018, from

Kelly-Gagnon, M. (2011). Should We Trust the Government to Protect Our Online Privacy? Retrieved April 17, 2018, from

KPK on Many Regional Head Candidates Getting Ensnared by Corruption Cases. (2018). Retrieved February 27, 2018, from

LICHTBLAU, J. R. and E. (2005, December 16). Bush Lets U.S. Spy on Callers Without Courts. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Locke, J. (1963). LOCKE: Two Treatises of Government. (P. Laslett, Ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Locke, J. (2004). Locke: Two Treaties of Government. (P. Laslett, Ed.) (Studen Edi). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Manthovani, R. (2013). Penyadapan vs Privacy: Tinjauan Yuridis dan Komparatif. Jakarta: BIP: Kelompok Gramedia.

Maulana, A., & Situngkir, H. (2013). Dynamics of the Corruption Eradication in Indonesia. SSRN Electronic Journal, 1–10.

Moor, J. H. (2004). The ethics of privacy Protection. Library Trends, 39(1–2), 70. Prahassacitta, V., Humanity, F., & Law, M. B. (n.d.). THE CONCEPT OF EXTRAORDINARY CRIME IN INDONESIA LEGAL SYSTEM : IS THE CONCEPT AN EFFECTIVE CRIMINAL POLICY ?, 513–521.

Privacy and reputation. (2005). Retrieved April 9, 2018, from scrutiny/PublicSectorGuidanceSheets/Pages/Privacyandreputation.aspx

Privacy International. (n.d.). PRIVACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Practice. Retrieved April 17, 2018, from

Privacy International. (2013). The Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance in the Jurisprudance of Regional Human Rights Courts.

Protection of the Rights of Migrant Workers. (2003). World Health Organization, 1. Retrieved from

Recent Developments in the Right of Privacy. (1948). The University of Chicago Law Review, 15, No. 4, 927.

Rights, P. I., Human, C. I., & Rights, P. African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights (1986). Retrieved from

Rousseau, The Social Contract. (n.d.). Retrieved April 17, 2018, from

Selain Kasus Korupsi, Penyadapan Penyalahgunaan Wewenang KPK “Beside of Corrption Case, KPK’s Tapping is Abuse of Power.” (2009, June 23). Retrieved from nyalahgunaan.wewenang.kpk

Solove, D. J. (2002). Conceptualizing privacy. California Law Review, 90(4), 1087–1155.

THE COVENANT ON CIVIL & POLITICAL RIGHTS (ICCPR). (2014). Retrieved April 18, 2018, from

The House of Representative of Indonesia. The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, 1 § (2002). Indonesia.

The World Health Assembly. (1998). Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The International Journal of Human Rights, 2(3), 84–88.

Transperancy International. (2001). Corruption Perceptions Index 2001. Retrieved from

Transperancy International. (2017). CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2017. Retrieved from

Unicef. (2011). FACT SHEET : A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Advance Humanity, 1, 1–4.

United Nation. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol.

United Nations Human Rights. (1976). International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. United Nations Human Rights, (March), 26. Retrieved from

United Nations Human Rights Commissioner. (2014). CRPD List of Countries: Convention, Optional Protocol Signatures, Ratifications. Retrieved April 19, 2018, from

Warbrick, C. (1989). Federal Aspects of the European Convention on Human Rights. Mich. J. Int’l L., 10(10), 698.

Weber, M. C. (2017). Protection for Privacy under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 478.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Dodik Pranata Wijaya

Creative Commons License
Trunojoyo Law Review by University of Trunojoyo Madura is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.