Reading Andre Gide’s The Immoralist And Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina Through Feminist Criticism

Diva Wenanda

Abstract


The growing interest in gender issues, relationship, family construct etc can be seen in academic writing or elsewhere. Gender stereotypes obviously have created some impacts on individual behaviors. Such stereotypes consolidate gender behavior practised in society. Mental and physical health are also affected by these stereotypes. Moreover, gender stereotypes affect male and female relationships.

            Anna Karenina and The Immoralist were written at different times and places, 1866 and 1902, both of these Novels written by men with their perspective.. The female character in these two novels portray different stereotypes. Female characters lack authenticity if they are not portrayed as the complex and unique individuals. Too often women are merely stereotypes that allow the male protagonist to define his own role and fulfill his own selfhood. In response to this misrepresentation of women in literature, feminist criticism has necessarily often become a negative one, resisting stereotyped images of women.

Keywords


Reading Andre Gide’s; The Immoralist; Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina Through Feminist Criticism

References


Beauvoir, Simone D. The Second Sex. London: David Campbell, 1993

Cohen, Keith. “Confessing and Withholding Secrets: Masculine Anxieties in Gide and Proust.” L’Esprit Créateur 43.3 (2003)

Cohn, Robert Greer. “Man and Woman in Gide’s The Immoralist.” Romantic Review 80.3 (1989) 419-433

Donovan, Josephine. "Beyond the Net: Feminist Criticism as a Moral Criticism." Denver Quarterly 17.4 (1983): 40-57. Rpt. in Contexts for Criticism. Ed. Donald Keesey. 3rd ed. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield, 1998. 235-45.

Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. New York: Dell Publishing, 1971 Gide, André. The Immoralist. Mineola, NY: Dover, 1996. Print

Showalter, Elaine. “Towrads A Feminist Poetics”. Newton, K. M. ed Twentieth Century Literary Theory: A Reader New York:Palgrave Macmillan 2008

Tolstoy, Leo. Anna Karenina. London: David Campbell, 1992




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/prosodi.v12i2.4530

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Publisher

Faculty of Social and Cultural Science
University of Trunojoyo, Madura
Jl. Raya Telang, Kamal - Bangkalan 69162

 

Prosodi: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra

ISSN: 1907-6665 (Print) ISSN: 2622-0474 (Online)

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Based on a work at journal.trunojoyo.ac.id