PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA MENGGUNAKAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN IPA SMP BERORIENTASI PENYELESAIAN MASALAH

Eko Sulistiono, Tjandrakirana ., Yuni Sri Rahayu

Abstract


Proses belajar mengajar di sekolah hanya menekankan pada aspek mengetahui dan memahami. Aspek analisis, aplikasi, sintesis dan evaluasi jarang sekali dilakukan sehingga mengajarkan siswa dalam belajar hafalan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa menggunakan perangkat pembelajaran berorientasi penyelesaian masalah dengan ujicoba pada 31 siswa SMP dengan rancangan one group pretest-posttest, pengembangan dengan Dick and Carey. Data dianalisis dengan deskriptif kualitatif dengan hasil keterlaksanaan pembelajaran baik (dengan rentang 3-4). Tes hasil belajar siswa dianalisis dengan N-Gain mengalami peningkatan (0.72). Kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa dianalisis dengan N-Gain mengalami peningkatan (0.81). Simpulan peneliti bahwa perangkat pembelajaran berorientasi penyelesaian masalah dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa SMP.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/jps.v1i2.1338

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