Penentuan Komoditas Perkebunan Unggulan di Provinsi Jawa Barat

Bayu Kharisma, Yudha Hadian Nur

Abstract


This paper aims to analyze superior plantation commodities in West Java Province, identify plantation superior commodities according to current potential aspects and future prospects and develop strategies for developing plantation superior commodities as a basis for reference to the direction of plantation development policies in West Java Province. The methodology used in this study is the Exponential Comparison Method (MPE) and the Borda Method to determine the potential of superior plantation commodity products. The next stage is to do projections (forecasting) by mapping the various commodities based on the results of the assessment of the current prospect and potential factors. Finally, formulate a variety of alternative strategies based on current potential and future prospects. Coffee plants are the main superior commodity belonging to the strategic commodity group of plantations in West Java. Furthermore, sugar palm plants are designated as the main superior prospective commodity. Finally, the indigofera plant is the main specific superior commodity determined based on the results of the Exponential Comparison Method (MPE). The mapping results and projections for strategic plantation commodities in West Java Province that have future prospects based on current potentials are coffee and deep coconut plants. Prospective commodity plantations in West Java Province that have future prospects based on current potential, namely sugar palm, pepper, patchouli and nutmeg, while local specific superior commodities of plantations in West Java have good prospects and high potential, namely indigofera, lemongrass fragrant, and mustache cat. The results of ranking and mapping or the position of strategic plantation commodities can be determined by several strategies which include short-term, medium-term and long-term development strategies.


Keywords


plantation superior commodities; exponential comparison method; bordering method; mapping of plantation superior commodities; development strategy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ambardi, U.M & Socia, P. (2002) Pengembangan Wilayah dan Otonomi Daerah. Pusat Pengkajian Kebijakan Pengembangan Wilayah (P2KTPW-BPPT), Jakarta

Badan Pusat Statistik, (2018). Statistik Indonesia Tahun 2018. Jakarta Pusat. Badan Pusat Statistik

Badan Pusat Statistik, (2017). Statistik Indonesia Tahun 2017. Jakarta Pusat. Badan Pusat Statistik

Badan Pusat Statistik, (2015). Provinsi Jawa Barat dalam Angka 2015. Jawa Barat. Badan Pusat Statistik

Bungin, B. (2007). Penelitian Kualitatif: Komunikasi, Ekonomi, Kebijakan Publik dan Ilmu Sosial lainnya.Jakarta:Putra Grafika

Dinas Perkebunan Provinsi Jawa Barat (2018). Statistik Perkebunan 2018. Jawa Barat.

Ditjen Perkebunan (2017). Statistik Perkebunan 2017. Jakarta. Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. Kementerian Pertanian.

Hassen, A., N.F.G. Rethman, W.A. Van Niekerk & T.J. Tjele. (2007). Influence of season/year and species on chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of five Indigofera accessions. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 136: 312 – 322.

Hendayana. (2003). Aplikasi Metode Location Quotient (LQ) dalam penentuan komoditas unggulan nasional. Informatika Pertanian. Vol 12. Desember 2003. Hal 1 - 21

Kartikaningdyah, E.(2014). Analisis Location Quotient Dalam Penentuan Produk Unggulan Pada Beberapa Sektor di Kabupaten Lingga Kepulauan Riau. Jurnal Integrasi. Riau.

Kotler, P & Armstrong, G. (1999). Principles of Marketing. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc

Ma’arif, S. M & Syam H. (2004). Kajian Perlunya Kebijakan Pengembangan Agroindustri Sebagai Leading Sector. [Tesis]. Bogor. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Marimin (2003), Teknik Pengambilan Keputusan Kriteria Jamak dan Aplikasinya dalam Perumusan Kebijakan dan Manajemen Strategi. Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Marimin (2004), Teknik Dan Aplikasi Pengambilan Keputusan Kriteria Majemuk 1st edition. Publisher: Grasindo. Editor: Grasindo. ISBN: 979-732-449-4

Marimin. (2012). Analisa Sistem dan Pengambilan Keputusan. Institut Pertanian Bogor

Rangkuti, F. (2004). Analisis SWOT: Teknik membedah kasus bisnis, cetakan kesebelas, Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Santosa, A (2016). Arah Kebijakan Pembangunan Sub Sektor Perkebunan Provinsi Jawa Barat Tahun 2013-2018. 19 Agustus 2018. (diakses 20 Agustus, 2018)

Sari, F (2018). Metode Dalam Pengambilan Keputusan Edisi Pertama. Deepublish. CV Budi Utama. Yogyakarta. ISBN: 978-602-453-982-5

Sjafrizal, (1997). Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Ketimpangan Regional Wilayah Indonesia Bagian Barat, Prisma. Maret 1997, hal 27-38. Yogyakarta: LP3ES

Syafaat, N. & Friyatno, S. (2000). Analisis Dampak Krisis Ekonomi terhadap Kesempatan Kerja dan Identifikasi Komoditas Andalan Sektor Pertanian di Wilayah Sulawesi: Pendekatan Input-Output. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Indonesia. XLVIII (4): 369-394




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/mediatrend.v14i1.4779



Copyright (c) 2019 Media Trend

Creative Commons License

Mediatrend © 2015 - Journal of Economic & Development Studies | Development Economics Program - Faculty of Economics and Bussiness, Trunojoyo University