The Effect of Economic Potential and Social Heterogeneity on Electricity Distribution By Government in Rural Indonesia from 2005-2018

Triwuli Handayani, Ni Made Sukartini


Indonesia is country that has a plural society. The plural society here is interpreted
by the diversity of social identities, namely ethnicity, language, and religion. This
study aims to analyze the effect of diversity of economic potential and the diversity
of social identities on acess to electricity distribution provided by the government
in rural areas of Indonesia. The data source used is secondary data, which are
Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS-Statistics Indonesia) data on village potential, namely
Potensi Desa (PODES) in 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014 and 2018. The analysis used is
pooled cross section regression. The estimation results using Ordinary Least Square
(OLS) found as follows. The OLS estimation found in terms of social diversity, the
distribution of access to electricity outside Java is better than in Java. Meanwhile,
based on economic diversity and geographical barriers and accessibility, villages in
Java have better access to electricity than Non-Java.


Access To Electricity, Social Diversity, Economic Potential, Public Goods, Village Potential.

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