Analisa Praktik Akuntabilitas Dana Kampanye: Pendekatan Teori Strukturasi Giddens

Ignatius Novianto Hariwibowo, Putri Alvi Santana

Abstract


This study aimed to explain what factors drive the practice of reporting campaign finance formalities in Batu City, East Java. Rules for reporting campaign funds have been made by the Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU). However, the existence of political parties in the election that did not report campaign funds or reported the campaign funds in nothing, was a practice encountered in the campaign process. This problem was a manifestation of the lack of accountability and transparency in reporting campaign funds. To uncover the practice of reporting campaign finance formalities, this study used qualitative methods. This study used Giddens's structuration theory to uncover the causes of formality practice. The results of this study explained that the practice of reporting campaign finance formalities in Batu City was due to the weakness of agents and structures in the political process. This study found that the party chairperson and KPU were a form of agent's role in the low awareness of accountability of the campaign finance reports. In addition, low public attention and low enforcement of regulations weaken the social structure to realize accountability and transparency of campaign funds.


Penelitian ini bertujuan unftuk menjelaskan faktor apa yang mendorong terjadinya praktik formalitas pelaporan dana kampanye dalam proses pemilu (pemilihan umum) di Kota Batu, Jawa Timur. Aturan pelaporan dana kampanye telah dibuat Komisi Pemeilihan Umum (KPU). Namun, adanya partai politik peserta pemilu yang tidak melaporkan dana kampanye atau adanya partai politik yang melaporkan dana kampanye dalam keadaan nihil, merupakan praktik yang ditemui dalam proses kampanye dalam pemilihan umum. Masalah ini merupakan wujud dari kurangnya akuntabilitas dan transparansi pelaporan dana kampanye. Untuk mengungkap praktik formalitas pelaporan dana kampanye, penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori strukturisasi dari Giddens untuk mengungkap penyebab praktik formalitas. Hasil penelitian ini menjelaskan bahwa praktik formalitas pelaporan dana kampanye di Kota Batu adalah karena lemahnya agen dan struktur dalam proses politik. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa ketua umum partai yang tidak memperhatikan akuntabilitas dan peran KPU yang hanya bersifat administrasi merupakan bentuk peran agen dalam rendahnya kesadaran akuntabilitas laporan dana kampanye. Selain itu, perhatian publik yang rendah dan penegakan aturan yang rendah memperlemah struktur sosial dalam usaha terwujudnya akuntabilitas dan transparansi danakampanye.


Keywords


Accountability, campaign funds, structuration theory, transparency.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrutyn, S. (2019). Toward a general theory of anomie the social psychology of disintegration. Euro-pean Journal of Sociology, 60(1), 109–136.

Akanmu, E. O., Fagbohun, F. O., & Adenipekun, O. D. (2015). Electioneering violence and life indecu-rity in Ibadan City, Oyo State, Nigeria ( 1999-2011 ), 08(01), 103–114.

Bidwell, K., Casey, K., & Glennerster, R. (2015). The impact of voter knowledge initiatives in sierra leone (P1-A21).

Coles, R., & Susen, S. (2018). The Pragmatic Vision of Visionary Pragmatism: The Challenge of Radi-cal Democracy in a Neoliberal World Order. Contemporary Political Theory, 17(2), 250–262. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41296-018-0196-5

Cruickshank, J. (2014). Democracy versus the Domination of Instrumental Rationality: Defending Dewey’s Argument for Democracy as an Ethical Way of Life. Humanities, 3(1), 19–41. https://doi.org/10.3390/h3010019

Englund, H., & Gerdin, J. (2008). Structuration theory and mediating concepts: pitfalls and implica-tions for management accounting research. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 19(8), 1122–1134.

Fang, H., Shapiro, D., & Arthur, Z. (2016). An experimental study of alternative campaign finance systems: transparency, donations and policy choices. Economic Inquiry, 54(1), 465–507.

Fellay, S. (2013). The future of campaign finance. Harvard International Review, 34(4), 45–47.

Gagnon, A. C., & Filip, P. (2011). The price of transparency: do campaign finance disclosure laws discourage political participation by citizens’ groups? Public Choice, 146(3–4), 353–374.

Giddens, A. (1984). The Constitution of Society. Cambridge, MA: Polity Press.

Giddens, A., & Pierson, C. (1998). Conversations with Anthony Giddens. Cambridge, MA.: Polity Press.

Khan, M. T. (2013). Theoretical frameworks in political ecology and participatory nature/forest con-servation: The necessity for a heterodox approach and the critical moment. Journal of Political Ecology, 20(1), 460–472. https://doi.org/10.2458/v20i1.21757

KPU. (2018). Aplikasi Pelaporan Dana Kampanye Pemilu 2019 Sebagai Kontrol Bagi Peserta Pemilu. Retrieved March 7, 2019, from https://kpu-kotabatu.go.id/aplikasi-pelaporan-dana-kampanye-pemilu-2019-sebagai-kontrol-bagi-peserta-pemilu/

Lamsal, M. (2012). The Structuration Approach of Anthony

Giddens. Himalayan Journal of Sociolo-gy and Antropology, 5, 111–112.

Mchitarjan, I., & Reisenzein, R. (2015). The culture-transmission motive in immigrants: A world-wide internet survey. PLoS ONE, 10(11), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141625

Muhtadi, B. (2013). Politik Uang dan Dinamika Elektoral di Indonesia: Sebuah Kajian Awal Interaksi Antaara “Party-ID” dan Patron Klien.

Pinilih, A. (2017). Mendorong Transparansi dan Akuntabilitas Pngaturan Keuangan Partai Politik. Mimbar Hukum, 29(1), 69–81.

Putra, H. (2018). Mendorong Transparansi dan Akuntabilitas Dana Kampanye pada Penyeleng-garaan Pilkada Serentak Tahun 2018. JPPUMA: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Dan Sosial Politik UMA, 6(2), 112–119.

Sarosa, S. (2017). Penelitian Kualitatif: Dasar-Dasar. Jakarta: Indeks.

Savenco, I. G. (2015). Political Party Funding in Romania - One Step Forward, Two Steps Back? In EIRP Proceedings (p. (10:1) 735-741).

Shapiro, D., & Arthur, Z. (2017). Contribution limits and transparency in a campaign finance exper-iment. Shouthern Economic Journal, 84(1), 98–119.

Simarmata, M. (2018). Hambatan transparansi keuangan partai politik dan kampanye pemilihan umum. Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia, 15(1), 21–36.

Sugiyono. (2014). Metode Penelitiab Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Svarstad, H., Benjaminsen, T. A., & Overå, R. (2018). Power theories in political ecology. Journal of Political Ecology, 25(1), 350–363. https://doi.org/10.2458/v25i1.23044

Undang-Undang Nomor 7. Pemilihan umum (2017). Indonesia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/infestasi.v16i2.7091

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 InFestasi (Jurnal Bisnis dan Akuntansi)

Creative Commons License

Penerbit : Universitas Trunojoyo Madura
© 2016