Abid Muhtarom


Agriculture is the economic sector that makes the main business field for the community of East Java regency. The problems in the agricultural sector are complex. In fact, many government policies are also implemented starting from providing fertilizer subsidies, agricultural government expenditures. There are also low levels of education and a large dependency ratio. The land area continues to decline and causes some problems also for the agricultural sector, which will affect agricultural production. Addictive Simple Analysis Method LAD Least Absolout Deviation with panel data Agriculture 29 districts in East Java 2010-2016 period. Robust Regression analysis test showed that fertilizer, government spending and the dependency ratio has a positive effect, while education levels and negatively affect the land area. However, from the value of P-value of 0.000 and smaller than α = 0.05, it can be concluded that the predictor variables simultaneously affect the production. When viewed from the value of R 2 of 46.8 percent, it can be concluded that diversity in production of 46.8 percent variable determined by the diversity in the predictor variable, while the remaining 53.2 per cent is determined by other factors.


fertilizer subsidy; government spending; education level; the ratio of dependent; land and agricultural production

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)


Abro and Alemu (2014), "Policies for Agricultural Productivity Growth and Poverty Reduction in Rural Ethiopia",

Cervantes-Godoy, D. and J. Dewbre (2010), "Economic Importance of Agriculture for Poverty Reduction", OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Working Papers, No. 23, OECD Publishing. doi: 10.1787 / 5kmmv9s20944-en

D a niel, M o er a r. 2 0 0 4. Introduction to Eco Agronomy . Jakarta: Earth Literacy.

D e e t, G., & R a v a ll i on, M.1998. Farm tivi duc p r o t y a n d r u r e l p o v e rty in In d i a. J o u r n a l o f D eve l o p me n t S t u d ie s, 3 4 (4), 6 2-8 5. d o i: 10:10 8 0/002 2038 9808 4 2 2 5 29.

Dornbusch, R., Fischer, S., and Startz, R., 2001, Macroeconomics, McGraw-Hill Company, New York.

Evenson, RE and CEPray.1991. Researchã n d Productivity in Asian Agriculture. Ithaca: Cornell Uni v ersity Press.

Ferguson, CE and Gould, JP. Microeconomics 1975. Theory. Richard D. Irwin Inc. Home Illinois

Gl A Dwin, C HRI s tin a H (1991), "gendered impacts of fertilizer subsidy removal program s in Malawi and Cameroon "A g r i c ult u r a l E co no mi c s, 7 (1 992) 141- 153. El se vi e r S e n ce ci Publi sh e r s BV., Am s t e rd a m

Irawan, B .., B. Winarso, I. Sadikin, and G. S. H a rdon o .2 0 0 3. Factor Analysis Cause Pela m ty Production Ko moditas Ta n Top safe. Bogor: Research Center and an S o g Bearer of bad luck onomi PerE k t anian.

C h a n, H i m a y a t ull a h and S h a h, Mah m o o d (2012), "I r r i g a tion, Farm Product i vi t y and Pover t y R e d u ctionin KPK: Understanding Di r ect and I nd i r ect I m p a c t sand L i n Kages " 2ndAnnual I nter n ational Conferen c eon Q u a litative and Quantitative E c o n omics Research (QQE 2012) Procedia Economics and Finance 2 (2012) 292 - 298

Li, G u o h u a, et al (2016), "A m u l t i - l e v el A n a l y s i s of C h i n a 's p h o s p h o r us fl o w s t o i de n t i fy o p t i o ns f o r i m p r o v e d m a n a g e m en t in a g r i c u l t u re ". J o urna l homepage: w w l we Sevier. c o m / l ocate / ags y

McArthur, John W. and McCor d (2017), Gordon C. "Fertilizing growth : Agricultural inputs and their e ff ectsin economic development "Journal of Development Economics, the Journal l ho m e p a ge :Www.el s evier. c om / lo c ate / jdev e co

Mell o r, J .19 9 9. Fa ster, Mo r e E q u it ab le Gr T h e o wth- Rel a ti o n Be tw e e n G r o wthin Agri c u lt u re a n d P o v e rty Red u c ti o n Agri c u lt u ral P o li c y D evel o p m e n t P r oj ect (R ea r es c h R e po rt N o .4). W as h i n g t o n, DC: U n i ted St a test A g e n c y for In te r n a ti o n a l D e v e l op m en t. R e tri e v e d f r o m h t t p: // w w w .a b bag s o c i a test. co m / r e po rt s /199 9897 7199 4 7 2. p d f

Manning, Dale T .and T aylor, J. E d ward (2015), "Agricultural Efficiency and Labor supply to Common P r operty Resou r ce Collection: Lessons f r om Rural Mexico ", Copyright 2015 W estern Agricultural Economics Association, J Journal of Agricultu r a land Resou r ce Economics 40 (3): 365-386

Smale, Melinda and Heisey, P a ul W. (1993). "Gendered impacts of fertilizer subsidy removal programs in Malawi and Cameroon "Int e rn a t io n a l Mai ze a n d Wh ea t Impr ov e m e nt C ente r (C! MMIT), AP 6-6 41, 06600 M e xi co, D. F., M e x i c o (A cce pt e d 1 6 July 1993) A g r a l ic ultur Eco n o m ics 1 0 (4 199) 9 5- 99

Snyder, C and Walter Nicholson. 2008. Microeconomic Theory: Basic Principles and Extensions. Tenth Edition. USA: Thomson Higer Education

Sudarsono. 1998. Introduction to Microeconomics. LP3ES. Jakarta.

Timm e r, P .19 9 5.G e t t i n g That's a gri c u r e n g m o vi: D o m a rk e ts vi p r o d e t h e rig h t s i g n a l s? F oo d P o li c y2 0 (5): 45 5- 472.


Copyright (c) 2018 Media Trend

Creative Commons License

Mediatrend © 2015 - Journal of Economic & Development Studies | Development Economics Program - Faculty of Economics and Bussiness, Trunojoyo University