Komitmen Organisasional Perspektif : Konsep Dan Empiris

Praptini Yulianti

Abstract


Tulisan ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan secara lebih dalam akan pemahaman tentang komitmen organisasional. Komitmen organisasional memiliki tempat yang penting dalam studi perilaku keorganisasian, karena banyak hasil penelitian yang menemukan adanya hubungan positif antara komitmen organisasional dan sikap serta perilaku positif di tempat kerja. Komitmen Organisasional muncul karena ada antesedennya, tergantung dari pemicu yang ada di dalam organisasional. Karyawan dalam organisasi akan memiliki jenis komitmen organisasional yang berbeda tergantung dari bagaimana karyawan merespon anteseden yang ada di organisasi. Jenis komitmen organisasional yang berbeda akan menghasilkan jenis motivasi yang berbeda. Pada perkembangannya, komitmen organisasional bukan hanya untuk karyawan tetap, akan tetapi juga untuk karyawan tidak tetap seperti karyawan kontrak maupun outsourcing. Mereka berbeda hanya dalam status karyawan, akan tetapi sikap dan perilaku positif di tempat kerja sangat dibutuhkan dalam mencapai kinerja organisasi

References


Bernardin, H.J. (2003). Human Resource Management. New York, USA : McGraw-Hill.

Bhatnagar, J. (2007). Predictors of Organizational Commitment in India: Strategic HR roles, Organizational Learning Capability and Psychological empowerment. Int. J. of Human Resource Management. Vol.18, pp. 1782-1811.

Cuyper, N.D, dan Witte, H.D. (2006). The impact of Job Insecurity and Contract Type on Attitudes, Wellbeing and Behavioral Reports : a Psychological Contract Perspective. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 79, pp. 395-409.

Felstead, A., dan Gallie, D. (2004). For Better or Worse? Non-Standard Jobs and High Involvement Work Systems. Int. J. of Human Resource Management, Vol. 15, November, pp. 1293-1316.

Greenberg, G. dan Baron, R.A. (1993). Behavior in Organizations. Third Edition. New Jersey : Prentice -Hall, Inc.

Johnson, R. dan Qin Yang, Liu. (2010). Commitment and Motivation at Work : The Relevance of Employee Identity and Regulatory Focus. Academy of Management Review, Vol. 35. No.2, pp. 226-245.

Karakus, Mehmet dan Aslan, Battal. (2009). Teachers Commitment Focuses: a Lambooij, M., Flache, A., Sanders, K. & Siegers, J. (2007). Encouraging Employees to Co-operate: The Effects of Sponsored Training and Promotion Practices on Employees’ Wllingness to Work Overtime. Int. J. of Human Resource Management, Vol. 18, Oktober, pp. 1748-1767.

Lambooij, M., Flache, A., Sanders, K. dan Siegers, J. (2007). Encouraging Employees to Co-operate: The Effects of Sponsored Training and Promotion Practices on Employees’ Wllingness to Work Overtime. Int. J. of Human Resource Management, Vol. 18, Oktober, pp. 1748-1767.

Lee, G.J.,dan Faller, N. (2005). Transactional and Relational Aspects of The Psychological Contracts of Temporary Workers. South African Journal of Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 831-847.

Lengnick-Hall,C.A.,dan Lengnick-Hall, M.L. (2004). Strategic Human Resource Management : A Review of the literature and a proposed typology. Academy of Management Review, Vol. 13, No.3, pp. 454-470.

Liden, R.C. Wayne, S.J., Kraimer, M.L., & Sparrowe. (2003). The Dual Commitments of Contingent Workers: An Examination of Contingents’ Commitment to the Agency and the Organization. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 24, pp. 609-625.

Luthans, Fred. (1995). Organizational Behavior. Seventh Edition. Singapore: Mc Graw-Hill, Inc.

Meyer, J.P. dan Allen, N.J. (1991). A Tree - Component Conceptualitazation of Organizational Commitment. Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 1, pp. 61-89.

_____, (1997). Commitment in the Workplace: Theory, Research, and Application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Miner, John B. (1992). Industrial Organization Psychology: International Edition Psychology Series. New York: Mc.Graw-Hill.

Mowday, R., Steers, R. dan Porter, L. (1979). The Measurement of Organizational Commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 14, pp. 224-247

O’Reilly, C. A., dan Chatman, J. (1986). Organizational Commitment and Psychological Attachment: The Effects of Compliance, Identification, and Internalization on Prosocial Behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 71, pp. 492–499.

Rice, E.M. (2004). Capitalizing on the Contingent Workforce-Outsourcing Benefits Programs for Non Core Workers Improves Companies’ Bottom Line. Employee Plan Benefit Review, Februari, pp. 16- 18.

Robert, K.H dan Hunt, D. M. ( 1991) . Organizational Behavior. 2nd edition, Boston : Pws-Kent Publishing Company

Schoorman, F. David, Roger C. Mayer dan James H. Davis. (1996). Empowerment in Veterinary Clinics : The Role of Trust in Delegation. Paper Presented at The Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Diego.

Ulrich, Dave. (1998). Intellectual Capital = Competence X Commitment, Sloan Management review.

Umiker, William. (1999). The Name of the Game is Commitment. Journal of the Health Care Supervisor.

Van Dyne, L., dan Soon, A. (1998). Organizational Citizenship Behavior of Contingent Workers in Singapore. Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 41, No. 6, pp. 692-703.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/jsmb.v2i1.1503

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Praptini Yulianti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Studi Manajemen dan Bisnis
by Universitas Trunojoyo Madura is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2460-3775 (Online) dan ISSN: 2355-9543 (Print)

Indexed by: