Comparative Advantage and Export Performance of Indonesia and Vietnam Coffee to the US Market during 2001-2019

Dian Galuh Pratita, Rahmat Budiarto


Coffee as a strategic commodity in the world opens up opportunities for various producing countries including Indonesia and Vietnam. Both countries have a significant role to supply the US market as the main export destination. This study aims to evaluate comparative advantage and export performance of Indonesian and Vietnamese coffee. Quantitative method has been used by calculating the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Export Competitiveness Index (ECI), and Export Product Dynamic (EPD) using secondary data from 2001-2019. In term of RCA, both Indonesia and Vietnam have a comparative advantage in US. Indonesia’s RCA valuewas lower than Vietnam’sones, i.e., 5.52 <8.57. This result was caused by the lower Indonesia’s export performance rather than Vietnam’s ones. The ECI of both countries were dynamic but tended to decrease in international market.In term of EPD, Indonesia and Vietnam were both in the rising star position that indicated strong capability of both countries in supplying coffee to the US market. Therefore, both countries shared a similar big opportunity to increase their coffee export quantities.


Coffee, RCA, EPD, ECI, Export

Full Text:



Alexander, I., & Nadapdap, J. (2019). Analisis daya saing ekspor biji kopi Indonesia di pasar global tahun 2002-2017. Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, 12(2), 1–16. DOI: 10.19184/jsep.v12i2.11271

Desnky, R., Syaparuddin, & Aminah, S. (2018). Ekspor kopi Indonesia dan faktor faktor yang mempengaruhinya. E-Jurnal Perdagangan, Industri dan Moneter, 6(1), 23–34.

Eztherhuizen. (2006). Measures of competitiveness : a dynamic approach to south africa’ s trade performance in the 1990s (Vol. 70). University of Pretoria.

Firmansyah, Widodo, W., Karsinah, & Oktavilia, S. (2017). Export performance and competitiveness of Indonesian food commodities. Journal of Economics and Policy, 10(2), 289–301.

Hamzah, Y. I., Ibrahim, J. T., Baroh, I., & Mufriante, F. (2020). Analisis daya saing kopi indonesia di pasar internasional. Journal of Agricultural Socioeconomics and Business, 3(1), 17–21.

Manalu, D. S. T., Harianto, Suharno, & Hartoyo, S. (2020). Permintaan kopi biji Indoensia di pasar internasional. Agriekonomika, 9(1), 114-126.

Nguyen, D. D. (2020). Determinants of Vietnam’ s rice and coffee exports : using stochastic frontier gravity model. Journal of Asian Business and Economic Studies, (October). DOI: 10.1108/JABES-05-2020-0054

Nha, D. R. H., Hanh, P. tran M., & Oanh, N. T. (2020). Factors affecting Vietnam’s coffee exports to the EU market : a gravity model approach. Journal of Business and Management, 22(5), 45–50. DOI: 10.9790/487X-2205054550

Prajanti, S. D. W., Pramono, S. E., & Adzim, F. (2020). Factors influencing Indonesia coffee exports volume. International Cofference on Research and Academic Commuity Services, 390, 41–45.

Pratita, D. G., Irham, & Mulyo, J. H. (2018). Entrepreneurship competence level of organic farmers In Yogyakarta province. Agro Ekonomi, 29(2), 231–243.

Purnamasari, M., Hanani, N., & Huang, W.-C. (2014). The competitiveness analysis of Indonesian coffee export in the world market. AGRISE, 14(1), 1412–1425.

Putra, H. T. F., Muhaimin, A. W., & Suhartini. (2015). The competitiveness analysis of Indonesia’s tobacco in the international market. Habitat, 26(1), 57–60.

Rahardjo, B., Akbar, B. M. B., Iskandar, Y., Shalehah, A. . 2020. Analysis and strategy for improving Indonesian coffee competitiveness in the international market. BISMA (Bisnis dan Manajemen), 12(2), 154–167. DOI: 10.26740/bisma.v12n2.p154-167

Rosiana, N., Nurmalina, R., Winandi, R., & Rifin, A. (2018). Dynamics of Indonesian robusta coffee competition among major competitor countries. Journal of Industrial and Beverage Crops, 5(1), 1–10.

Sagita, T., & Hidayati, D.R. (2016). Keragaan kopi pasar domestik Indonesia. Agriekonomika, 2(1), 49-57.

Setiawan, A. D., & Sugiarti, T. (2016). Daya saing dan faktor penentu ekspor kopi Indonesia ke Malaysia dalam skema CEPT-AFTA. Agriekonomika, 5(2), 212-220.

Sofyan, M. I., Sebayang, T. E., & Syafni, V. K. (2018). Investigation of coffee export dynamics. BISMA (Bisnis dan Manajemen), 11(1), 67–76.

Wardani, M. A., & Mulatsih, S. (2017). Analisis daya saing dan faktor - faktor yang memengaruhi ekspor ban indonesia ke kawasan Amerika Latin. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan, 6(1), 81–100.

Zuhdi, F., & Suharno. (2016). Analisis daya saing ekspor kopi Indonesia dan Vietnam di pasar asean. Habitat, 26(3), 152–162.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License