Corrosion Behavior of Mild Steel in Seawater from Karangsong & Eretan of West Java Region, Indonesia

Gadang Priyotomo, Lutviasari Nuraini, Siska Prifiharni, S Sundjono


The corrosion behavior of mild carbon steel, has been investigated using an immersion test and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy in solutions from the sites of Karangsong and Eretan, Northern Coast of West Java Region, Indonesia. As reference, solutions of 3.5% and 5% NaCl were prepared. Salinity, conductivity, and total dissolved solids (TDS) were measured. It was found that uniform corrosion observed on mild steel during the immersion test. Corrosion resistance of alloys decreases with increasing exposure time in natural seawater solutions. Since magnitudes of conductivity, salinity and TDS of all test solutions are similar, it implied that chloride ion have primary role for inducing the corrosion risk of mild steel. That parameter hinders the formation of stable passive film on the surface of corroded mild steel.

Key words: conductivity; immersion test; mild steel; salinity; seawater; total dissolved solids.

Full Text:



Adetoro Kareem. (2011). Effect of Environment on the Mechanical Properties of Mild Steel. ARPN Journal of Science and Technology, 3(9), 915-918

Afolabi,A.S., Muhirwa,A.C., Abdulkareem, A.S., & Muzenda,E. (2014). Weight Loss and Microstructural Studies of Stressed Mild Steel in Apple Juice, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 9, 5895 – 5906

Al Dahaan, S., Al-Ansari, N., & Knutsson, S. (2016). Influence of Groundwater Hypothetical Salts on Electrical Conductivity Total Dissolved Solids. Engineering, 8(11), 823-830.

Al-Moubaraki, A.H., Al-Judaibi,A., & Asiri,M. (2015). Corrosion of C-Steel in the Red Sea: Effect of Immersion Time and Inhibitor Concentration, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 10, 4252 – 4278

ASTM Committee G1. (1999). Standard Practice for Preparing, Cleaning, and Evaluating Corrosion Test Specimens. Book of ASTM Standards, G01-05, 15-21

ASM. (1987). ASM Metals Handbook, Vol. 13: Corrosion, 9th. ed., ASM International

Bhosle,N.B, & Wagh, A.B. (1992). The effect of organic matter associated with the corrosion products on the corrosion of mild steel in the Arabian sea. Corrosion Science, 33(5), 647-655

Boerlage, S. F. E. (2012). Measuring salinity and TDS of seawater and brine for process and environmental monitoring—which one, when? Desalination and Water Treatment, 42(1–3), 222–230

Durodola, B.M., Olugbuyiro, J.A.O., Moshood, S.A., Fayomi,O.S, & Popoola, A.P.I. (2011). Study of Influence of Zinc Plated Mild Steel Deterioration in Seawater Environment. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci, 6, 5605 – 5616

Eyu, G. D., Will, G., Dekkers, W., & MacLeod, J. (2016). Effect of dissolved oxygen and immersion time on the corrosion behaviour of mild steel in bicarbonate/chloride solution. Materials, 9(9), 748.

Héctor Peinado-Guevara, Carlos Green-Ruíz, Jaime Herrera-Barrientos, Oscar Escolero-Fuentes, Omar Delgado-Rodríguez, Salvador Belmonte Jiménez, and María Ladrón de Guevara. (2012). Relationship between chloride concentration and electrical conductivity in groundwater and its estimation from vertical electrical soundings (VESs) in Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico, Cien. Inv. Agr, 39(1), 229-239

Ismail,A. & Adan,N.H. (2014). Effect of Oxygen Concentration on Corrosion Rate of Carbon Steel in Seawater, American Journal of Engineering Research, 3(1), 64-67.

Jones, D.A. (1992). Principles and Prevention of CORROSION. Macmilan Publishing Company

Malik, A. U., Ahmad, S., Andijani, I., & Al-Fouzan, S. (1999). Corrosion behavior of steels in Gulf seawater environment. Desalination, 123(2-3), 205-213.

Martin,M.M. (2016). Industrial Chemical Process Analysis and Design, Elsevier.

Mousa May. (2016). Corrosion behavior of mild steel immersed in different concentrations of NaCl solutions, Journal of Sebha University-(Pure and Applied Sciences), 15(1), 1-12

Paul, S. (2012). Modeling to Study the Effect of Environmental Parameters on Corrosion of Mild Steel in Seawater Using Neural Network, ISRN Metallurgy, 2012, 1-6

Popov, B.N. (2015). Corrosion Engineering: Principles and Solved Problems, Elsevier

Shengxi Li and L. H. Hihara (2014) Aerosol Salt Particle Deposition on Metals Exposed to Marine Environments: A Study Related to Marine Atmospheric Corrosion, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161(5), C268-C275

Ravisankar, M., Reghunath, A.T., Sathianandan, K & Nampoori,V.P.N. (1988). Effect of dissolved NaCl, MgCl2, and Na2SO4 in seawater on the optical attenuation in the region from 430 to 630 nm, Applied Optics, 27(18), 176-188

Sundjono, Gadang Priyotomo, Lutviasari Nuraini & Siska Prifiharni. (2017). Corrosion Behavior of Mild Steel in Seawater from Northern Coast of Java and Southern Coast of Bali, Indonesia J. Eng. Technol. Sci., 49(6), 770-784

Temperley, T. G. (1965). Corrosion phenomena in the coastal areas of the Persian Gulf. Corrosion Science, 5(8), 581-589.

Xiangyu Hou, Lili Gao, Zhendong Cui and Jianhua Yin. (2017). Corrosion and Protection of Metal in the Seawater Desalination, IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., 108, 1-4

Wan Nik, W.B.Z., Rahman, F.M.M., & Rosliza, R. (2011). Corrosion Behavior of Mild Steel in Seawater from Two Different Sites of Kuala Terengganu Coastal Area, International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences IJBAS-IJENS, 11(6), 75-80

Zakowski, K., Narozny, M., Szocinski, M., & Darowicki, K. (2014). Influence of water salinity on corrosion risk—the case of the southern Baltic Sea coast. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 186(8), 4871-4879.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 1907-9931 (Print), 2476-9991 (Online)