ABSOLUTE GROWTH AND BIOMASS OF Gracilaria sp. THAT CULTIVATED UNDER DIFFERENT DEPTHS

Nurlaila Ervina Herliany, Z Zamdial, Rahma Febriyanti

Abstract


There is significant increasing of seaweeds demand over the years that affect the development of seaweeds farming in Indonesia. Gracilaria sp. is one of the species that cultivated in Indonesia. There are some factors that affect the successful of seaweeds cultivation, one of them is cultivation depth. The research was carried out to study the effect of different depth on absolute growth and biomass of Gracilaria sp. Gracilaria sp. was cultivated under three different depths (30, 45 and 60 cm). The result shows that absolute growth and biomass were influenced by cultivation depth. The best treatment was cultivation at 30 cm of depth. Water quality measurements shows that research location is suitable for the growth of seaweeds.

Keywords : Absolute growth, Biomass, Cultivation depths, Gracilaria sp


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdan, A., Rahman, A., & Ruslaini, R. (2013). Pengaruh jarak Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kandungan Karagenan Rumput Laut (Eucheuma spinosum) Menggunakan Metode Long Line. Jurnal Mina Laut Indonesia, 3(12), 113-123. Akmal, R. Syam, D.D. Trijuno, Rahmi, Darmawati. (2014). Content of Carrageenan, Chlorophyll a and Carotenoid of Kappaphycus alvarezii Cultivated in Different Seawater Depth Laikang Village, District of Mangarabombang, Takalar Regency. Journal of Applied Biotechnology, 2(1), 1 – 9.

Anggadiredja, T.J., Zatnika, A., Purwoto, H., & Istini, S. (2008). Rumput Laut. Jakarta : Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. 147 hal.

Aslan, M. (1998). Budidaya Rumput Laut. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. 97 hal.

Atmadja, W.S., Kadi, A., Safari ,R. & Sulistijo. (1996). Pengenalan Jenis-jenis Rumput Laut Indonesia. Puslitbang Oseanologi LIPI. Jakarta.

Dawes, C.J. (1981). Marine Botany. John Wiley Dawson University of South Florida. New York.

Ditjenkanbud. (2005). Profil Rumput Laut Indonesia. Direktorat Perikanan Budidaya, Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan.Jakarta.

Domettila, C., Thankappan, S.S.B., Selvamony, S., & Solomon, J. (2013). Diversity and distribution of seaweeds in the Mutton coastal waters, south-west coast of India. Biodiversity Journal, 4(1), 105-110.

Effendie MI. (1997). Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama. Yogyakarta.

Ganesan, M., S. Thiruppathi, K. Eswaran, C. R. K. Reddy, & B. Jha. (2009). Cultivation of Gelidiella acerosa in the open sea on the southeastern coast of India. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 382, 49-57.

Hoyle, M.D. (1975). The literature pertinent to the red algal genus Gracilaria in Hawaii. Marine Agfonomi U.S. Sea Grant Program. Hawaii. 339 p

Lakitan, B. (2011). Dasar-dasar Fisiologi Tumbuhan. Rajawali Pers. Jakarta. 206 hal.

Marinho-Soriano, E., Nunes, S.O., Carneiro, M.A.A., & Pereira, D.C. (2009). Nutrients removal from aquaculture wastewater using the macroalgae Gracilaria birdiae. Biomass and Bioenergy, 33, 327-331.

Oliveira, V.P., Freire, F.A.M. & Soriano, E.M. (2012). Influence Of Depth On The Growth Of The Seaweed Gracilaria birdiae (Rhodophyta) In A Shrimp Pond. Braz. J. Aquat. Sci. Technol, 16(1), 33-39.

Pescod, N. B. (1973). Investigation of Rational Effluent and Stream For Tropical Countries. Bangkok : AIT.

Raikar, S.V., Lima, M., & Fujita, Y. (2001). Effect of temperatur, salinity and light intensity on the growth of Gracilaria spp. (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) from Japan, Malaysia and India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, (30), 98-104.

Rebours C, Eliane M, Jose AZ, Leila H, Julio AV, Paul K, Gonzalo S, Raul U, Maria HA, Ingrid B, Grete H, Rolf R, & Daniel R. (2014). Seaweeds: an opportunity for wealth and sustainable livelihood for coastal communities. J. Appl. Phycol, 26(5), 1939–1951.

Ryder, E., Nelson, S.G., Mckeon, C., Glenn, E.P., Fitzsimmons, K. & Napoleon, S. (2004). Effect of water motion on the cultivation of the economis seaweed Gracilaria parvispora (Rhodophyta) on Molokai, Hawaii. Aquaculture, 238, 207 -219.

Sahabuddin & A. M. Tangko. (2008). Pengaruh Jarak Lokasi Budidaya dari Garis Pantai terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kandungan Karaginan Rumput Laut Eucheuma cottoni. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kelautan IV, 24 April 2008. Surabaya.

Siddique, M.A.M., Khan, M.S.K. and Bhuiyan, M.K.A. 2013. Nutritional composition and amino acid profile of a sub-tropical red seaweed Gelidium pusillum collected from St. Martin’s Island, Bangladesh. International Food Research Journal, 20(5), 2287-2292.

Wenno, P. A., Syamsuddin, R., Zainuddin, E. N., & Ambo-Rappe, R. (2015). Cultivation of red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) at different depths in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation-International Journal of the Bioflux Society (AACL Bioflux), 8(3), 468 – 473.

Widyanto, L.S. & Susilo, H. (1977). Pencemaran oleh Logam Berat dan Hubungannya dengan Enceng Gondok. SEAMEO-BIOTROP.Bogor : Departemen PUTI.

WWF. (2014). Better Management Practices : Budidaya Rumput Laut Graciliria sp. di Tambak. Edisi 1. WWF Press. Jakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21107/jk.v10i2.2986

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.




 INDEXED BY:
ISSN: 1907-9931 (Print), 2476-9991 (Online)