Indeks dan Status Keberlanjutan Ketersediaan Tembakau Madura

Raden Faridz, Ariffin Ariffin, Soemarno Soemarno, Henny Pramoedyo

Abstract


Tembakau merupakan tanaman perkebunan penting yang memberikan devisa tinggi melalui cukai mencapai Rp. 144,64 trilyun tahun 2015.  Akhir-akhir ini produksinya turun dibanding 3-4 tahun sebelumnya rata-rata17 000 ton menjadi 14,435 ton pada tahun 2015. Terdapat ketidak seimbangan antara permintaan dan penawaran yang  berdampak pada keberlanjutan ketersediaan tembakau Madura. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi Indeks dan status keberlanjutan ketersediaan tembakau Madura dari dimensi ekologi, sosial-ekonomi, kelembagaan dan teknologi, faktor-faktor yang sensitif dan bobot prioritas dimensi. Penelitian ini  dianalisis menggunakan  Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) RAP-TOBACCO modifikasi dari RAP-FISH Status keberlanjutan ketersediaan tembakau seluruh dimensi cukup berkelanjutan dimana dimensi teknologi memiliki nilai tertinggi 56,375, dimensi ekologi 52,370, dimensi kelembagaan 50,703 dan dimensi sosial ekonomi 50,432. Faktor yang sensitif untuk dimensi teknologi adalah sistem informasi iklim, penggunaan dan pengadaan bibit. Sedangkan bobot prioritas proses keberlanjutan ketersediaan tembakau berdasarkan pakar adalah sosial-ekonomi.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21107/agriekonomika.v7i2.4784

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